head JofIMAB
Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski Publishing Ltd.
ISSN: 1312-773X (Online)
Issue: 2024, vol. 30, issue1
Subject Area:Dental Medicine
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DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2024301.5387
Published online: 27 February 2024

Original article
J of IMAB. 2024 Jan-Mar;30(1):5387-5391
A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF FULL MOUTH BLEEDING SCORE (FMBS) AND GINGIVAL INDEX LOE AND SILNESS (GILS) IN ASSESSING GINGIVAL STATUS OF CHILDREN AGED 10-14 YEARS
Hristina TankovaORCID logoCorresponding Autoremail, Zornitsa LazarovaORCID logo,
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University – Sofia, Bulgaria.

ABSTRACT:
Aim: Comparative analysis of two gingival indices with different diagnostic thresholds and methods of application in recording the gingival status of the whole dentition in children aged 10-14 years.
Materials and methods: The subjects of the current study were 457 children. The clinical periodontal examination is performed in 4 levels. Gingival status is objectified by inspection and probing using (1) provoked gingival bleeding by the full mouth bleeding score (FMBS) with a diagnostic threshold above 10% bleeding gingival units and (2) gingival index according to Loe and Silness (GILS), with a diagnostic threshold above 0.
Results: Gingival inflammation could be detected in 64.3% of the children studied, with a mild form of plaque-induced gingivitis in 40% of them, concentrated mainly on the vestibular surfaces in the frontal regions of both jaws. In 87% of the same children studied, we recorded an initial degree of gingival inflammation with a gingival GILS index value above 0, also concentrated in the frontal areas of both dental arches.

Keywords: gingival index, Loe and Silness, full mouth bleeding score, gingival inflammation in children,

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Please cite this article as: Tankova H, Lazarova Z. A Comparative Study of Full Mouth Bleeding Score (FMBS) and Gingival Index Loe and Silness (GILS) in Assessing Gingival Status of Children Aged 10-14 years. J of IMAB. 2024 Jan-Mar;30(1):5387-5391. [Crossref - 10.5272/jimab.2024301.5387]

Corresponding AutorCorrespondence to: Hristina Tankova, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University – Sofia; 1, St. Georgi Sofiisky Str., Sofia, Bulgaria;
E-mail: la_svetichi@yahoo.com

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Received: 25 October 2023
Published online: 27 February 2024

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