head JofIMAB
Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski Publishing Ltd.
ISSN: 1312-773X (Online)
Issue: 2024, vol. 30, issue1
Subject Area:Public Health
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2024301.5381
Published online: 20 February 2024

Original article
J of IMAB. 2024 Jan-Mar;30(1):5381-5386
Atanas Baltadjiev1ORCID logo, Elena Merdzhanova2ORCID logo, Nikolay Boyadjiev3ORCID logo, Penka Angelova3ORCID logo, Ralitza Raycheva4ORCID logo, Valentina Lalova2ORCID logo, Gergana Petrova2ORCID logoCorresponding Autoremail,
1) Department of Anatomy, Histology, and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, Medical Plovdiv, Bulgaria.
2) Department of Nursing Care, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University Plovdiv, Bulgaria.
3) Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Medical University Plovdiv, Bulgaria.
4) Department of Social Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University Plovdiv, Bulgaria.

The purpose of the present study was to determine and compare the children's somatotypes of three ethnic groups living in the Plovdiv region, Bulgaria.
Material and Methods: A cohort of 194 children were enrolled in the study. They were divided into four groups by sex and age. Each group were divided by ethnicity into three subgroups: Bulgarian, Turkish and Roma origins. The regression equations introduced by Heath and Carter were used to determine the somatotype components.
Results: The somatotype of Bulgarian and Roma boys aged 11-12 years was defined as mesomorph-endomorph, while the somatotype of Turkish boys was determined as central. The somatotype of boys aged 13-14 years was defined as follows: Bulgarian boys- balanced endomorph, Turkish boys- endomorph-ectomorph and Roma boys with central somatotype. The mean somatotype of Bulgarian girls aged 11-12 years was defined as ectomorphic an endomorph, while the somatotype of both Turkish and Roma girls was defined a mesomorphic endomorph. Similar results were found analyzing the mean somatotype of girls aged 13-14 years.
Conclusion: The period of puberty has a very important impact on the development of the human body. The mean somatotype of Bulgarian boys aged 11-12 years has changed from mesomorph-endomorph to balanced endomorph. The mean somatotype of Turkish boys aged 11-12 has changed from central to endomorph-ectomorph. The mean somatotype of Roma boys aged 11-12 has changed from mesomorph-endomorph to central. The mean somatotype of Bulgarian girls was ectomorphic endomorphic; for Turkish and Roma girls it was mesomorphic endomorphic for both age group.

Keywords: Anthropology, somatotype, children, ethnic groups,

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Please cite this article as: Baltadjiev A, Merdzhanova E, Boyadjiev N, Angelova P, Raycheva R, Lalova V, Petrova G. Children somatotype study of different ethnic groups from Plovdiv region, Bulgaria. J of IMAB. 2024 Jan-Mar;30(1):5381-5386. [Crossref - 10.5272/jimab.2024301.5381]

Corresponding AutorCorrespondence to: Gergana Petrova, Department of Nursing care, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University of Plovdiv; 15A, Vassil Aprilov Blvd., 4002 Plovdiv, Bulgaria; E-mail: Gergana.Petrova@mu-plovdiv.bg

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Received: 09 October 2023
Published online: 20 February 2024

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