head JofIMAB
Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski Publishing Ltd.
ISSN: 1312-773X (Online)
Issue: 2024, vol. 30, issue1
Subject Area: Medicine
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2024301.5350
Published online: 08 February 2024

Original article
J of IMAB. 2024 Jan-Mar;30(1):5350-5355
Milena Karcheva1ORCID logoCorresponding Autoremail, Tanya Petkova1ORCID logo, Kalina Terzieva1ORCID logo, Galya Gancheva1ORCID logo, Cvetan Popov2ORCID logo, Vladislav Nankov2ORCID logo, Georgi Golemanov2ORCID logo, Mariya Sredkova2ORCID logo, Dobromir Dimitrov3ORCID logo,
1) Department of Infectious Diseases, Epidemiology, Parasitology and Tropical Medicine, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University-Pleven, Bulgaria.
2) Laboratory of Virology, Medical University - Pleven, Bulgaria.
3) Department of Surgical Propaedeutics, Medical University-Pleven, Bulgaria.

The aim of the study was to determine the spread of SARS-CoV-2 among students of Medical University-Pleven during the fourth wave of the COVID pandemic by PCR testing and to analyze epidemiological data.
Material and methods: Cross-sectional epidemiological study was conducted for the period November-December 2022. A sociological method of data collection (interview) was used, and a questionnaire was developed for this purpose. Nasopharyngeal swab was taken from the students and RT-PCR analysis of SARS-CoV-2 was performed. 
Results: An interview was conducted with 200 students from various specialties at Medical University-Pleven. Clinical symptoms were reported by 24 (12%) of respondents, the leading ones being runny nose and cough; with comorbid conditions were 10 participants (5%) with predominant chronic lung diseases. Three students reported contact with coronavirus-positive patients. Six of the participants had travelled abroad in the past 14 days. Eighty-four students (42%) were immunized: 25 with one dose, 43 with two doses and 16 with three doses. Only two tested samples (1%) were positive for SARS-CoV-2. Both subjects reported complaints at the sampling time and were unvaccinated.
Conclusion: The results of the study show a low percentage of infected, mostly non-immunized persons, which coincides with the trend in Bulgaria during the fourth wave of the COVID pandemic.

Keywords: COVID-19, PCR testing, students,

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Please cite this article as: Karcheva M, Petkova T, Terzieva K, Gancheva G, Popov C, Nankov V, Golemanov G, Sredkova M, Dimitrov D. PCR Testing for SARS-CoV-2 among Students of Medical University-Pleven during the Fourth Wave of COVID Pandemic. J of IMAB. 2024 Jan-Mar;30(1):5350-5355. [Crossref - 10.5272/jimab.2024301.5350]

Corresponding AutorCorrespondence to: Milena Karcheva, Medical University – Pleven; 1, St. Kliment Ohridski Str., 5800, Pleven, Bulgaria; E-mail: milena_karcheva@abv.bg

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Received: 19 October 2023
Published online: 08 February 2024

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