head JofIMAB
Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski Publishing Ltd.
ISSN: 1312-773X (Online)
Issue: 2023, vol. 29, issue4
Subject Area: Medicine
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2023294.5145
Published online: 02 October 2023

Original article
J of IMAB. 2023 Oct-Dec;29(4):5145-5149
Daniela Krasimirova1ORCID logo, Blagovest Stoimenov1ORCID logo, Sevda Naydenska1ORCID logo, Kiril Genov2ORCID logo, Ventsislava Pencheva1ORCID logoCorresponding Autoremail,
1) Department of propaedeutic of internal diseases, UMHAT “Alexandrovska”, Medical Faculty, Medical University - Sofia, Bulgaria.
2) Student in Medical Faculty, Medical University - Sofia, Bulgaria.

Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) with hypoxemia, oxidative stress, low-grade inflammation and multiple hormonal metabolic changes affect the bone metabolism. This leads to an increased fracture risk in patients with OSA.
Purpose: The aim of the study was to explore the connection between fracture risk and newly-diagnosed OSA.
Materials/methods: 130 patients with newly diagnosed OSA and 67 controls without OSA were included in the study. Anthropometric, laboratory, instrumental and study tests and fracture risk assessment under the FRAX program were performed.
Results: There isn’t a statistical difference in the age and gender in the OSA group compared to the controls (p>0.05). A statistically significant difference between the OSA group and the control group was found with regard to the body mass index (BMI), visceral fat mass ratio (VFR), neck circumference, Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS), Vitamin D levels, beta-crosslaps and osteocalcin (р<0.0001 for all). Reduction of bone mineral density (BMD) was found in patients with OSA. On average, three risk factors for fracture were found in patients with OSA compared to an absence or only one risk factor in the control group (р<0.0001).
Conclusion: Patients with OSA are at an increased fracture risk due to disturbed bone metabolism. They have lower Vitamin D levels, reduction of BMD and 3 risk factors for high FR. This requiresan assessment of fracture risk and its eventual reduction in patients with OSA.

Keywords: Obstructive sleep apnoea, Vitamin D, bone mineral density, fracture risk,

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Please cite this article as: Krasimirova D, Stoimenov B, Naydenska S, Genov K, Pencheva V. Fracture Risk and Obstructive Sleep Apnoea. J of IMAB. 2023 Oct-Dec;29(4):5145-5149. [Crossref - 10.5272/jimab.2023294.5145]

Corresponding AutorCorrespondence to: Prof. Ventsislava Pencheva, MD, PhD, Department of propaedeutic of internal diseases, UMHAT “Alexandrovska”, Medical Faculty, MedicalUniversity – Sofia; 1, St Georgi Sofiiski Str., Sofia, Bulgaria; E-mail: pencheva.bg@abv.bg

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Received: 30 May 2023
Published online: 02 October 2023

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