head JofIMAB
Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski Publishing Ltd.
ISSN: 1312-773X (Online)
Issue: 2023, vol. 29, issue3
Subject Area: Medicine
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2023293.5089
Published online: 11 September 2023

Original article
J of IMAB. 2023 Jul-Sep;29(3):5089-5093
Tatyana Telbizova1ORCID logoCorresponding Autoremail, Svetlin Varbanov2ORCID logo,
1) Department of psychiatry and medical psychology, Medical University – Varna, MHAT "St. Marina" – Varna, Bulgaria.
2) Department of health care, Sliven Affiliate, Medical University – Varna, MHAT "St. Marina" – Varna, Bulgaria.

The way a person perceives and interprets the situation during pain provokes a variety of emotional and behavioral responses.
Aim: The aim of the study was to analyze the assessment of the situation during pain by patients with chronic pain.
Materials and methods: A sample of 120 patients with chronic pain was studied. Sixty-one of them had clinically manifested symptoms of depression, and fifty-nine had no depression. The patients were evaluated using the following scales: HAM-D-17, Spielberger questionnaire – STAI – form Y1 and form Y2 and VAS. A model of four situations was applied to assess the situation during pain: unique, risky, routine and situation of uncertainty.
Results: The mean age of the sample was 51.90±11.94. Women predominate (81.7%) over men (18.3%). The group with depression had moderate severity of depression and pain intensity and high state and trait anxiety. A majority of them (48.4%) assessed the situation during pain as a risk and/or an uncertainty. The group without depression had moderate state and trait anxiety and mild pain intensity. More than half of them (62.7%) assessed the situation as routine.
Conclusion: Depression and anxiety affect the perceived situation during pain. Assessing and understanding the specific links between them is essential for forming adaptive ways of coping with chronic pain.

Keywords: chronic pain, depression, personality and state anxiety, situations,

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Please cite this article as: Telbizova T, Varbanov S. Assessment of the situation during pain by patients with chronic pain. J of IMAB. 2023 Jul-Sep;29(3):5089-5093. [Crossref - 10.5272/jimab.2023293.5089]

Corresponding AutorCorrespondence to: Tatyana Telbizova, MD, PhD, Department of psychiatry and medical psychology, Medical University of Varna, UMHAT "St. Marina", Varna; 1, Hristo Smirnenski Blvd., 9000, Varna, Bulgaria; E-mail: telbizova@gmail.com

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Received: 07 February 2023
Published online: 11 September 2023

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