head JofIMAB
Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski Publishing Ltd.
ISSN: 1312-773X (Online)
Issue: 2023, vol. 29, issue3
Subject Area: Public Health
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2023293.5067
Published online: 08 September 2023

Original article
J of IMAB. 2023 Jul-Sep;29(3):5067-5072
Rositza Vasileva1ORCID logoCorresponding Autoremail, Anton Georgiev2ORCID logo, Penka Kostadinova3ORCID logo,
1) Department of Hygiene, Medical Ecology, Occupational Diseases and MBS Sector, Medical University, Pleven, Bulgaria.
2) Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University, Pleven, Bulgaria.
3) Department of Social Medicine and Health Management, Medical University - Pleven, Bulgaria.

According to official data from EM-DAT (the International Disaster Database for Disaster Epidemiology) in 2021, the number of catastrophic events related to natural disasters worldwide was 432, exceeding the average annual number of 347 from 2001 – 2020.
In this context, a study involving 240 citizens from 31 different countries who were temporarily residing in the city of Pleven was conducted. This study aimed to gauge their willingness to take adequate action and provide medical assistance in various disasters.
All foreign citizens temporarily residing in Pleven had experienced a disaster situation, with over half having experienced more than one. However, the awareness among these two analyzed groups about potential disaster threats was found to be very low.
Our study revealed low awareness and a lack of willingness to act during disasters. Only 20% were familiar with early warning sirens; more than half did not have home or property insurance; 88% did not possess an evacuation backpack; and only 15% were knowledgeable about collective remedies.
The study's results highlight the need for systematic, in-depth work from responsible institutions to prepare foreigners for potential disasters and accidents.

Keywords: natural disaster, disaster risk, public health, public awareness, medical insurance,

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Please cite this article as: Vasileva R, Georgiev A, Kostadinova P. Study of the awareness and readiness to act in disasters of foreign citizens temporarily residing in the city of Pleven. J of IMAB. 2023 Jul-Sep;29(3):5067-5072. [Crossref - 10.5272/jimab.2023293.5067]

Corresponding AutorCorrespondence to: Dr. Rositsa Vasileva, MD, Department of Hygiene, Medical Ecology, Occupational Diseases and Emergency Medicine Sector, Medical University – Pleven; 1, Kliment Ohridski Str., office 189., Pleven 5800, Bulgaria; E-mail: dr_rvasileva@abv.bg

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Received: 03 February 2023
Published online: 08 September 2023

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