head JofIMAB
Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski Publishing Ltd.
ISSN: 1312-773X (Online)
Issue: 2023, vol. 29, issue2
Subject Area: Medicine
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2023292.4974
Published online: 13 June 2023

Original article
J of IMAB. 2023 Apr-Jun;29(2):4974-4979
Eugenii Babydov1ORCID logoCorresponding Autoremail, Victoria Zaborova2ORCID logo, Svetlana Tkachenko1ORCID logo, Sergey Kotovskiy2ORCID logo, Igor Erokhin2ORCID logo, Anatoliy Fesyun3ORCID logo, Dmitry Shestakov4ORCID logo, Dilyana Vicheva5ORCID logo, Vladimir Stavrev6ORCID logo,
1)Department of physical rehabilitation, massage and health physical culture I.M. Sarkizova-Serazini, Russian state university of physical culture, sports, youth and tourism, Moscow, Russia.
2)Department of Sports Medicine and Medical Rehabilitation of the Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Moscow, Russia.
3)FSBI "National Medical Research Center for Rehabilitation and Resortology" Ministry of Public Health of Russia, Moscow, Russia.
4) Moscow Clinical Scientific Center named after A. S. Loginov, Moscow, Russia.
5)Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Medical University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria.
6)Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Medical University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria.

Purposes: The aim of the study is to design and test a comprehensive technique based on strength training for posture correction.
Materials and methods: This study was carried cohort of 37 men, aged 27,7±3,4 years old with kypholordotic posture. The program consisted of a set of exercises and exercises on a bicycle ergometer. The duration of the program was 16 weeks. Results were controlled by computer optical topography, motor tests, tests for strength endurance of abdominal muscles. For posture screening was used Posture Screen Mobile, motor tests, tests for strength endurance of abdominal muscles.
Results: According to PSM, the indices of deviation of the lumbar spine decreased from 4,3 ± 0.5 to 2.0 ± 1,1 (p <0.01) mm, and indices of deviation of the shoulder decreased from 4,7 ± 0,7 to 1,8 ± 1,3 mm (p <0.01), and indices of deviation of the head decreased from 3,5 ± 0,9 to 2,9 ± 1,1 mm (p <0.05)  The pressure force of the chest muscles after a study showed an increase in the strength capabilities of the muscles by 21,8 mm Hg. at p <0.01, of the flexor muscles of the shoulder joint in the abduction, showed an increase in strength capabilities by 16 mm Hg. at p <0.01, of the flexor muscles of the shoulder joint in adduction, showed an increase in strength capabilities by 17,9 mm Hg. at p <0.01, strength endurance of the abdominal muscles showed an increase of 32,4 sec at p <0.01.
Conclusion: Posture Screen Mobile is a non-invasive and reliable assessment of the parameters of the posture. A 16-week set of weights and stretching exercises is highly effective in correcting kypholordotic posture in young men.

Keywords: posture, hyperkyphosis, lordosis, strength training,

pdf - Download FULL TEXT /PDF 655 KB/
Please cite this article as: Babydov E, Zaborova V, Tkachenko S, Kotovskiy S, Erokhin I, Fesyun A, Shestakov D, Vicheva D, Stavrev V. Strength training and posture alighment. J of IMAB. 2023 Apr-Jun;29(2):4974-4979. DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2023292.4974

Corresponding AutorCorrespondence to: Eugenii Babydov, Department of physical rehabilitation, massage and health physical culture I.M. Sarkizova-Serazini, Russian state university of physical culture, sports, youth and tourism, Moscow, Russia; E-mail: babydick@yandex.ru

1. Roussouly P, Berthonnaud E, Dimnet J. Geometrical and mechanical analysis of lumbar lordosis in an asymptomatic population: proposed classification. Rev Chir Orthop Reparatrice Appar Mot. 2003;89(7):632–639. [PubMed]
2. Kendall FP, Kendall McCreary, Provance PG, Rodgers MM, Romani WA. Muscles, Testing and Function: with Posture and Pain;1993.
3. McGill SM. Low back disorders: evidence-based prevention and rehabilitation. Human Kinetics. 2007.
4. Page F, Frank CC, Lardner R. Assessment, and treatment muscle imbalance: The Janda approach. Human Kinetics. 2010. [Internet]
5. Cholewicki J, Panjabi MM, Khachatryan A. Stabilizing function of trunk flexor-extensor muscles around a neutral spine posture. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1997 Oct 1;22(19):2207-12. [PubMed]
6. Fleck S, Kraemer W. Designing Resistance Training Programs. Human Kinetics; 2014.
7. Gerdle B, Ernberg M, Mannerkorpi K, Larsson B, Kosek E, Christidis N, et al. Increased Interstitial Concentrations of Glutamate and Pyruvate in Vastus Lateralis of Women with Fibromyalgia Syndrome Are Normalized after an Exercise Intervention - A Case-Control Study. PLoS One. 2016 Oct 3;11(10):e0162010. [PubMed]
8. Katzman WB, Vittinghoff E, Lin F, Schafer A, Long RK, Wong S, et al. Targeted spine strengthening exercise and posture training program to reduce hyperkyphosis in older adults: results from the study of hyperkyphosis, exercise, and function (SHEAF) randomized controlled trial. Osteoporos Int. 2017 Oct;28(10):2831-2841. [PubMed]
9. Bansal S, Katzman WB, Giangregorio LM. Exercise for improving age-related hyperkyphotic posture: a systematic review. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2014;95(1):129–40. [PubMed]
10. Carini F, Mazzola M, Fici C, Palmeri S, Messina M, Damiani P, et al. Posture and posturology, anatomical and physiological profiles: overview and current state of art. Acta Biomed. 2017 Apr 28;88(1):11-16. [PubMed]
11. Fourchet F, Materne O, Rajeb A, Horobeanu C, Farooq A. Pelvic tilt: reliability of measuring the standing position and range of motion in adolescent athletes. British journal of sports medicine.  2014;48(7):594–594.  [Crossref]
12. Lee J. [Effect of shoulder stabilization exercise and McKenzie exercise on forward head posture. ] [in Korean] JCCT. 2019; 5(4):227-235.  [Crossref]
13. uivo RM, Pezarat-Correia P, Carita AI. Effects of a Resistance and Stretching Training Program on Forward Head and Protracted Shoulder Posture in Adolescents. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2017 Jan;40(1):1-10. [PubMed]
14. Szucs KA, Brown EVD. Rater reliability and construct validity of a mobile application for posture analysis. J Phys Ther Sci. 2018 Jan;30(1):31-36. [PubMed]
15. Boland DM, Neufeld EV, Ruddell J, Dolezal BA, Cooper CB. Inter- and intra-rater agreement of static posture analysis using a mobile application. J Phys Ther Sci. 2016 Dec;28(12):3398-3402. [PubMed]
16. Benfica PDA, Aguiar LT, Brito SAF, Bernardino LHN, Teixeira-Salmela LF, Faria CDCM. Reference values for muscle strength: a systematic review with a descriptive meta-analysis. Braz J Phys Ther. 2018 Sep-Oct;22(5):355-369. [PubMed]
17. Helewa A, Goldsmith CH, Smythe HA. Patient, observer and instrument variation in the measurement of strength of shoulder abductor muscles in patients with rheumatoid arthritis using a modified sphygmomanometer. J Rheumatol. 1986;13(6):1044–9. [PubMed]
18. Toohey LA, de Noronha M, Nunes GS. The use of a sphygmomanometer to measure shoulder isometric strength: a validity and reliability study. Fisioter Mov. 2017 Jul-Sep;30(3):587-593.  [Crossref]
19. Martins JC, Aguiar LT, Lara EM, Teixeira-Salmela LF, Faria CD. Assessment of grip strength with the modified sphygmomanometer test: association between upper limb global strength and motor function. Braz J Phys Ther. 2015; 19(6):498–506. [PubMed]
20. Mondin D, Owen JA, Negro M, D'Antona G. Validity and Reliability of a Non-invasive Test to Assess Quadriceps and Hamstrings Strength in Athletes. Front Physiol. 2018 Nov 29;9:1702. [PubMed]
21. Shirado O, Ito T, Kaneda K, Strax TE. Concentric and eccentric strength of trunk muscles: influence of test postures on strength and characteristics of patients with chronic low-back pain. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1995; 76(7):604-11. [PubMed]
22. Norris CM. The complete guide to back rehabilitation. Bloomsbury Publishing; 2015.
23. Orel AM, Lapteva NV. The issue of radiation diagnostics in assessing the post-traumatic state of the spine in post-whiplash syndrome. Manual therapy. 2007; 4(28):57–60.
24. Skvoznova TM. Complex correction of static deformities in adolescents with posture defects and scoliosis of I and II degrees. Russian state medical University. Moscow; 2008.

Received: 13 August 2022
Published online: 13 June 2023

back to Online Journal