head JofIMAB
Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski Publishing Ltd.
ISSN: 1312-773X (Online)
Issue: 2023, vol. 29, issue2
Subject Area: Biology
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2023292.4951
Published online: 06 June 2023

Original article
J of IMAB. 2023 Apr-Jun;29(2):4951-4957
Tsonka DimitrovaORCID logoCorresponding Autoremail, Galina YanevaORCID logo,
Department of Biology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University - Varna, Bulgaria.

Purpose: Wild edible mushrooms are used worldwide and in Bulgaria as well. This inquiry investigation aimed at evaluating some mushroom usage practices by inhabitants in towns and villages in the Region of Varna, Bulgaria.
Material/Methods: We carried out a study of 200 adult individuals, 100 males and 100 females, on the territory of the Region of Varna using anonymous inquiry with a set of 12 concrete items about wild edible mushroom usage. Statistical data processing was performed using descriptive and correlation analysis.
Results: There was a domination of the negative attitude towards the wild edible mushrooms among the respondents from the towns, the villages and all the respondents as a whole on the territory of the Region of Varna. The inhabitants in the villages used more commonly cooking than those in the towns, and the inhabitants in the towns dried more seldom fresh mushrooms than those in the villages. Freezing was very rarely made use among all the respondents. There were statistically significant correlations between main town residence, on the one hand, and wild edible mushroom traditional usage, including cooking, drying, preservation and freezing, on the other hand.
Conclusion: This inquiry investigation revealed some peculiarities of the attitudes towards wild edible mushrooms among the urban and rural population in the Region of Varna and the extent of usage of common mushrooms in dependence on espondents’ main residence.

Keywords: wild edible mushrooms, usage, inquiry, residence, Region of Varna-Bulgaria,

pdf - Download FULL TEXT /PDF 1446 KB/
Please cite this article as: Dimitrova T, Yaneva G. Wild edible mushroom usage by the urban and rural population in different regions of the World, compared to the Region of Varna-Bulgaria. J of IMAB. 2023 Apr-Jun;29(2):4951-4957. DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2023292.4951

Corresponding AutorCorrespondence to: Tsonka Dimitrova, BS, PhD, Department of Biology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University of Varna: 84, Tsar Osvoboditel Blvd., Varna-9002, Bulgaria; E-mail: tsonka72@abv.bg

1. Gurbuz IB. Nongreen revolution: a case study of wild-grown edible mushroom. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2019 Mar;26(8):7954-7959. [PubMed]
2. Li H, Tian Y, Menolli N Jr, Ye L, Karunarathna SC, Perez-Moreno J, et al. Reviewing the world’s edible mushroom species: A new evidence-based classification system. Compr Rev Food Sci Food Saf. 2021 Mar;20(2):1982-2014. [PubMed]
3. Świsłowski P, Dołhańczuk-Śródka A, Rajfur M. Bibliometric analysis of European publications between 2001 and 2016 on concentrations of selected elements in mushrooms. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2020 Jun;27(18):22235-22250. [PubMed]
4. Cherneva D, Yaneva G, Ivanov D. [Which are the most common popular medicinal plants in the area of the North Black Sea coast?] [in Bulgarian] Varna Med Forum. 2017; 6(1):166-171. [Internet]
5. Cherneva DP, Yaneva GA, Ivanov DL. Impact of demographic characteristics of the local population of the Northern Black Sea coast on the use of medicinal plants. Ann Sofia Univ St K Ohridski. 2017;101(2):89-94.
6. Cherneva D, Yaneva G, Ivanov D. Ethnobotanical study of the attitudes towards herbal remedies and conventional medicines among local population of the North Black Sea coast. Scr Sci Pharm. 2017; 4(1):29-32. [Crossref]
7. Cherneva D, Yaneva G, Ivanov D. Ethnobotanical study of the impact of certain demographic indicators on the attitudes towards the use of medicinal plants among local population of the North Black Sea coast. Scr Sci Pharm. 2017c;4(1):24-28. [Crossref]
8. Teke NA, Kinge TR, Bechem E, Nji TM, Ndam LM, Mih AM. Ethnomycological study in the Kilum-Ijim mountain forest, Northwest Region, Cameroon. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2018 Apr 2;14(1):25. [PubMed]
9. Krejsa J, Šíma J, Kobera M, Šeda M, Svoboda L. Detrimental and essential elements in fruiting bodies of mushrooms with ecological relationship to birch (Betula sp.) collected in the Bohemian Forest, the Czech Republic. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2021 Dec;28(47):67852-67862. [PubMed]
10. Robles-García D, Suzán-Azpiri H, Montoya-Esquivel A, García-Jiménez J, Esquivel-Naranjo EU, Yahia E, et al. Ethnomycological knowledge in three communities in Amealco, Queretaro, Mexico. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2018 Jan 26;14(1):7. [PubMed]
11. Meneses ME, Galicia-Castillo M, Pérez-Herrera A, Martínez R, León H, Martínez-Carrera D. Traditional   mushroom consumption associated to lower levels of triglycerides and blood pressure in an indigenous peasant community from Oaxaca, Mexico. Int J Med Mushrooms. 2020; 22(10):953-966. [PubMed]
12. Mishra A, Swamy SL, Thakur TK, Bhat R, Bijalwan A, Kumar A. Use of wild edible plants: Can they meet the dietary and nutritional needs of indigenous communities in Central India. Foods. 2021 Jun 23;10(7):1453. [PubMed]
13. Begum N, Nasir A, Parveen Z, Muhammad T, Ahmed A, Farman S, et al. Evaluation of the hypoglycemic activity of Morchella conica by targeting protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B. Front Pharmacol. 2021 May 14;12:661803. [PubMed]
14. Jacinto-Azevedo B, Valderrama N, Henríquez K, Aranda M, Aqueveque P. Nutritional value and biological properties of Chilean wild and commercial edible mushrooms. Food Chem. 2021 Sep 15;356:129651. [PubMed]
15. Łuczaj Ł, Lamxay V, Tongchan K, Xayphakatsa K, Phimmakong K, Radavanh S, et al. Wild food plants and fungi sold in the markets of Luang Prabang, Lao PDR. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2021 Jan 26;17(1):6. [PubMed]
16. Radzki W, Slawinska A, Skrzypczak K, Michalak-Majewska M. The impact of drying of wild-growing mushrooms on the content and antioxidant capacity of water-soluble polysaccharides. Int J Med Mushrooms. 2019; 21(4):393-400. [PubMed]
17. Mgbekem M, Lukpata F, Ndukaku N, Armon M, Uka V, Udosen G, et al. Knowledge and utilization of mushroom as a food supplement among families in selected local government areas of Cross River State, Nigeria. Food Nutr Sci. 2019 Nov;10(11):1287-1299. [Crossref]
18. Keskin F, Sarikurkcu C, Akata I, Tepe B. Element concentration, daily intake of elements, and health risk indices of wild mushrooms collected from Belgrad Forest and Ilgaz Mountain National Park (Turkey). Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2021 Oct;28(37):51544-51555. [PubMed]
19. Demková L, Árvay J, Hauptvogl M, Michalková J, Šnirc M, Harangozo L, et al. Mercury content in three edible wild-growing mushroom species from different environmentally loaded areas in Slovakia: an ecological and human health risk assessment. J Fungi (Basel). 2021 May 29;7(6):434. [PubMed]
20. Erbiai EH, da Silva LP, Saidi R, Lamrani Z, Esteves da Silva JCG, Maouni A. Chemical composition, bioactive compounds, and antioxidant activity of two wild edible mushrooms Armillaria mellea and Macrolepiota procera from two countries (Morocco and Portugal). Biomolecules. 2021 Apr 14;11(4):575. [PubMed]

Received: 24 February 2023
Published online: 06 June 2023

back to Online Journal