head JofIMAB
Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski Publishing Ltd.
ISSN: 1312-773X (Online)
Issue: 2023, vol. 29, issue2
Subject Area: Medicine
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2023292.4947
Published online: 06 June 2023

Original article
J of IMAB. 2023 Apr-Jun;29(2):4947-4950
Petya HristovaORCID logoCorresponding Autoremail, Magdalena PlatikanovaORCID logo,
Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology, Infectious Diseases, Microbiology and Parasitology, Medical Faculty, Trakia University, Stara Zagora, Bulgaria.

The Body Mass Index (BMI) is a well-known tool for measuring normal, healthy weight. Nowadays, we can also use it as a prognostic factor for various diseases.
Purpose: Our study aims to confirm or decline the correlation between body mass index and the onset of different diseases.
Methods: The study was conducted among a random sample of 550 people (324 women and 226 men) from the district of Stara Zagora, Republic of Bulgaria. The participants in the study were aged between 18 and 65. The connection between BMI and the occurrence of diseases of different systems has been researched. A statistically significant relationship was found at p<0.05. The statistically significant influence of BMI on the occurrence of diseases is proved by the results of the ANOVA procedure.
Results: The results give us reason to believe that not only obesity but also overweight is a risk of cardiovascular disease. This is evidenced by our study, according to which people with the highest average BMI (BMI = 28.72 kg/m2) have diseases of the cardiovascular system. People with a BMI around and above 25.87 kg / m2 often suffer from diseases of the endocrine system, and those with a BMI around 25.60 kg / m2 are at risk for diseases of the musculoskeletal system.
Conclusions: BMI would find its daily implementation in the activities of every physician working in every field of medicine. BMI can be used as a tool to predict the onset of disease and a regulator of prevention.

Keywords: body mass index, overweight, obesity, diseases prevention,

pdf - Download FULL TEXT /PDF 488 KB/
Please cite this article as: Hristova P, Platikanova M. Body mass index (BMI) - predictor of diseases onset and regulator of prevention?. J of IMAB. 2023 Apr-Jun;29(2):4947-4950. DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2023292.4947

Corresponding AutorCorrespondence to: Assist. Prof. Petya Hristova, Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology, Infectious Diseases, Microbiology and Parasitology, Medical Faculty, Trakia University, Stara Zagora; 11, Armeyska Str., 6000 Stara Zagora, Bulgaria; E-mail: petia_14_1995@abv.bg

1. Larsson SC, Burgess S. Causal role of high body mass index in multiple chronic diseases: a systematic review and meta-analysis of Mendelian randomization studies. BMC Med. 2021 Dec;19:320. [Crossref]
2.  Naydenova D, Pancheva R. [Maternal preconceptional BMI and offspring development.] Practical Pediatrics. 2015 1: 18-20. [in Bulgarian]
3. Nuttall FQ. Body Mass Index: Obesity, BMI, and Health: A Critical Review. Nutr Today. 2015 May;50(3):117-128. [PubMed]
4. Chiolero A. Body mass index as socioeconomic indicator. BMJ. 2021 May 7;373:n1158. [PubMed]
5. Kelly IR, Doytch N, Dave D. How does body mass index affect economic growth? A comparative analysis of countries by levels of economic development. Econ Hum Biol. 2019 Aug;34:58-73. [PubMed]
6. WHO STEPwise Approach to Chronic Disease Risk-Factor Surveillance. The WHO STEPS Surveillance Manual.  [Internet]
7. Iyen B, Weng S, Vinogradova Y, Akyea RK, Qureshi N, Kai J. Long-term body mass index changes in overweight and obese adults and the risk of heart failure, cardiovascular disease and mortality: a cohort study of over 260,000 adults in the UK. BMC Public Health. 2021 Apr 15;21(1):576. [PubMed]
8. Khan SS, Ning H, Wilkins JT, Allen N, Carnethon M, Berry JD, et al. Association of Body Mass Index With Lifetime Risk of Cardiovascular Disease and Compression of Morbidity. JAMA Cardiol. 2018 Apr 1;3(4):280-287. [PubMed ]
9. Huber MB, Kurz C, Kirsch F, Schwarzkopf L, Schramm A, Leidl R. The relationship between body mass index and health-related quality of life in COPD: real-world evidence based on claims and survey data. Respir Res. 2020 Nov 3;21(1):291. [PubMed]
10. Khanna D, Welch BS, Rehman A. Pathophysiology of Obesity. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2023 Jan. Oct 20, 2022. [PubMed]
11. Khanna D, Peltzer C, Kahar P, Parmar MS. Body Mass Index (BMI): A Screening Tool Analysis. Cureus. 2022 Feb 11;14(2):e22119. [PubMed]
12. Oniszczenko W, Stanisławiak E. Association between sex and body mass index as mediated by temperament in a nonclinical adult sample. Eat Weight Disord. 2019 Apr;24(2):291-8. [PubMed]
13. Khanna D, Baetge C, Simbo S, Lockard B, Galvan E, Jung YP, et al. Effects of diet and exercise-induced weight loss in sedentary obese women on inflammatory markers, resistin, and visfatin. J Nutr Obes. 2017 Nov;1(1):1-13. [Internet]
14. Khatib M, Badillo N, Kahar P, Khanna D. The risk of chronic diseases in individuals responding to a measure for the initial screening of depression and reported feelings of being down, depressed, or hopeless. Cureus. 2021 Sep 1;13(9):e17634. [PubMed]
15. Adriana C, Claire B, Peter Murano, Galvin I, Rasmussen C, Greenwood M, et al. Efficacy of commercial weight loss programs on metabolic syndrome. FASEB J. 2016 Apr;30(S1):1b216. Abstract. [Internet]
16. Zhao Y, Qie R, Han M, Huang S, Wu X, Zhang Y, et al. Association of BMI with cardiovascular disease incidence and mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of cohort studies. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2021 Jun 30;31(7):1976-1984. [PubMed]
17. Chan JM, Rimm EB, Colditz GA, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC. Obesity, fat distribution, and weight gain as risk factors for clinical diabetes in men. Diabetes Care. 1994 Sep;17(9):961-9. [PubMed]
18. Hu G, Barengo NC, Tuomilehto J, Lakka TA, Nissinen A, Jousilahti P. Relationship of physical activity and body mass index to the risk of hypertension: a prospective study in Finland. Hypertension. 2004 Jan;43(1):25-30. [PubMed]
19. Gelber RP, Gaziano JM, Manson JE, Buring JE, Sesso HD: A prospective study of body mass index and the risk of developing hypertension in men. Am J Hypertens. 2007 Apr;20(4):370-7. [PubMed]
20. Kim Dl. Effects of Physical Activity and Body Mass Index on Hypertension in Older Females with Physical Disability. Iran J Public Health. 2022 Jan;51(1):210-212. [PubMed]

Received: 06 December 2022
Published online: 06 June 2023

back to Online Journal