head JofIMAB
Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski Publishing Ltd.
ISSN: 1312-773X (Online)
Issue: 2023, vol. 29, issue1
Subject Area: Public Health
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2023291.4763
Published online: 11 January 2023

Original article
J of IMAB. 2023 Jan-Mar;29(1):4763-4769
Vanya Birdanova1ORCID logo Corresponding Autoremail, Irena Stoilova1ORCID logo, Ivelina Ruseva1ORCID logo, Zdravka Radionova2ORCID logo,
1) Department of Hygiene Medical Ecology, Occupational Diseases and MBS, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University of Pleven, Bulgaria.
2) Department of Social Medicine and Health Management, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University of Pleven, Bulgaria.

Purpose of the study is to investigate food consumption in young people and the contribution of food to heavy metal pollution.
Methods: The object of the study are 60 healthy young people aged 19-29 years (average age – 23,9 ± 2,6) from Pleven and the Pleven district. Assessment of food intake was made according to A two-day, 24-hour diet recall method and Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) method. A documentary method was used to assess the content of heavy metals- data provided by the Food Chain Risk Assessment Centre Data provided by the Food Chain Risk Assessment Centre. 2,471 food samples were analyzed for lead and cadmium over a 7-year period.
Result: The food group importing complex carbohydrates could have a probable contribution to the dietary exposure to Pb and Cd, as they are consumed in the recommended amounts, although no content of lead and cadmium above the maximum permissible amounts was found in the studied foods. Intake of vegetables and fruits is significantly below recommended - vegetables and fruits would likely contribute to dietary exposure to Pb and Cd provided they were consumed as recommended. The average daily intake of dairy products is compared to the references. Game meat and offal could contribute to dietary exposure to both heavy metals, but these were also not consumed by the respondents. Fish and seafood likely contribute to dietary exposure to heavy metals, but their consumption is low and significantly below recommendations.
Conclusion: The obtained results confirm the importance of a healthy food model for the protection of human health, including protection from chemical hazards in food.

Keywords: daily consumption, Bulgarian young population, heavy metals,

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Please cite this article as: Birdanova V, Stoilova I, Ruseva I, Radionova Z. Average daily consumption of foods and of foods accumulating lead and cadmium in young people. J of IMAB. 2023 Jan-Mar;29(1):4763-4769. DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2022281.4763

Corresponding AutorCorrespondence to: Vanya Birdanova, Department of hygiene, medical ecology, occupational diseases and disaster medicine, Medical University-Pleven; 1, St. Kliment Ohridski Str., Pleven, Bulgaria; E-mail: vania62@gmail.com

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Received: 29 August 2022
Published online: 11 January 2023

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