head JofIMAB
Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski Publishing Ltd.
ISSN: 1312-773X (Online)
Issue: 2022, vol. 28, issue2
Subject Area: Dental Medicine
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2022282.4431
Published online: 27 June 2022

Review article
J of IMAB. 2022 Apr-Jun;28(2):4431-4434
Rada KazakovaORCID logo Corresponding Autoremail,
Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University – Plovdiv, Bulgaria.

Background: Clinical success and functional durability of indirect restorations depend on optimal dental health before the prosthetic treatment and the manipulation of the gingival tissues.
The aim of the current article is to review the surgical and non-surgical laser methods that can be applied as periodontal preparation in fixed prosthodontics.
Review results: Preprosthetic periodontal preparation includes conventional periodontal therapy (non-surgical) and periodontal resective (surgical) procedures - soft and hard tissue crown lengthening.  The advantages of lasers in the latter are reduced bleeding, less postoperative discomfort and faster healing. Non-surgical preprosthetic preparation, on the other hand, aims at microorganisms’ level reduction. The variety of protocols, which reduce the microbial number significantly, show photoactivated disinfection as adjunctive therapy in infection treatment, especially in patients with resistant microorganisms and anatomical complications.
Conclusion: Lasers can be applied as an alternative to the classic surgical and non-surgical means for periodontal procedures.  Low-level laser therapy and photoactivated disinfection ensure faster bacteriolysis and affect the microorganisms locally, whereas systemic medicines influence the whole organism.  Photodynamic therapy does not require maintaining high concentrations of the photosensitizer in the infected area, as it is when using antiseptics and antibiotics.

Keywords: low-level laser therapy, photoactivated disinfection, photobiomodulation, photodynamic therapy,

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Please cite this article as: Kazakova R. Surgical and Non-Surgical Laser Preprosthetic Periodontal Preparation. Low-Level Laser Therapy and Photoactivated Disinfection. J of IMAB. 2022 Jan-Mar;28(1):4431-4434. DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2022282.4431

Corresponding AutorCorrespondence to: Rada Kazakova, Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University – Plovdiv; 3, Hristo Botev Blvd., Plovdiv, Bulgaria; E-mail: rada.kazakova@mu-plovdiv.bg

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Received: 23 June 2021
Published online: 27 June 2022

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