head JofIMAB
Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski Publishing Ltd.
ISSN: 1312-773X (Online)
Issue: 2022, vol. 28, issue1
Subject Area: Medicine
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DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2022281.4280
Published online: 14 March 2022

Original article
J of IMAB. 2022 Jan-Mar;28(1):4280-4283
CURRENT MODE OF TREATMENT IN ACUTE DIVERTICULITIS
Konstantin KostovORCID logo Corresponding Autoremail,
Department of General, Visceral and Emergency Surgery, UMHATEM "N. I. Pirogov" – Sofia, Bulgaria.

ABSTRACT:
Purpose: The purpose of our study is to determine whether patients with acute uncomplicated diverticulitis with micro-perforation should really be treated as patients without perforation and to identify differences in recurrence rates, complications and mode of treatment
Material and Methods: A total of 47 patients with a diagnosis of acute diverticulitis were admitted to the hospital for a three-year period from 01.01.2018 to 01.01.2020 in the Department of General, Visceral and Emergency Surgery at UMHATEM "Pirogov".
Of those hospitalized, women were 21 (44.68%), men 26 (55.32%). The age in this retrospective analysis varied from 27 to 81 years (average 51.3 years).
Results: All patients had leukocytosis, abdominal pain, and tenderness. From the group of 47 patients hospitalized with acute diverticulitis, twenty-five (53.19%) were diagnosed with micro-perforation by pneumoperitoneum data from X-ray and CT or free intraperitoneal fluid from ultrasound. The other three (6.38%) were identified intraoperatively (by laparoscopy or laparotomy) based on an indication of peritoneal irritation. The remaining 19 (40.43%) with mild symptoms for conservative management (38.89%) - through physical examination, laboratory data and imaging diagnostic methods (X-ray, ultrasound and CT). Of the 28 operated, 13 patients had laparoscopy performed lavage and drainage, with the remaining 15 (with laparotomy) - had Hartmann's procedure.  
Conclusion: Acute diverticulitis with micro-perforation showed no significant differences in the complications and course of antibiotic therapy compared to the group of acute diverticulitis without micro-perforation. Neither group required surgery after one-month discharge. Accordingly, to these outcomes, the mode of treatment should be identical.

Keywords: acute diverticulitis, approach, micro-perforation, conventional surgery, laparoscopy,

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Please cite this article as: Kostov K. Current mode of treatment in acute diverticulitis. J of IMAB. 2022 Jan-Mar;28(1):4280-4283. DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2022281.4280

Corresponding AutorCorrespondence to: Assoc. Prof. Konstantin Kostov, MD, PhD, Surgical Clinic, UMHATEM "N. I. Pirogov"; 21, Totleben Blvd., 1606 Sofia, Bulgaria; E-mail: dr.k.kostov@gmail.com

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Received: 01 July 2021
Published online: 14 March 2022

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