head JofIMAB
Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski Publishing Ltd.
ISSN: 1312-773X (Online)
Issue: 2022, vol. 28, issue1
Subject Area: Medicine
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DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2022281.4251
Published online: 24 February 2022

Original article
J of IMAB. 2022 Jan-Mar;28(1):4251-4253
SMOKING, PRODUCTION FACTORS AND PULMONARY INJURIES IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING WORKERS
Irena Stoilova1ORCID logo Corresponding Autoremail, Penka Kostadinova2ORCID logo, Vanya Birdanova1ORCID logo,
1) Department of Hygiene Medical Ecology, Occupational Diseases and Disaster Medicine, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University – Pleven, Bulgaria.
2) Department of Public Health Sciences, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University – Pleven, Bulgaria.

ABSTRACT:
The aim of the study is to determine what is the incidence of respiratory diseases among workers in mechanical engineering enterprises and which are leading risk factors. The subject of the study are 80 persons working in mechanical engineering enterprises. The studies were carried out at the University Hospital - Pleven during the period 2017-2020. Specific clinical and instrumental methods of diagnosis have been used. The largest number are people with professional experience over 15 years, 72% of them are smokers. The most frequent cases are Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Chronic bronchitis. The risk of developing lung disease in smokers (OR) is 22,71 times higher than their non-smoker counterparts in the same work environment. When using modern protective equipment, the main risk factors for respiratory diseases among mechanical engineering workers are related to lifestyle and smoking as a leading factor.

Keywords: respiratory diseases, smoking, mechanical engineering,

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Please cite this article as: Stoilova I, Kostadinova P, Birdanova V. Smoking, production factors and pulmonary injuries in mechanical engineering workers. J of IMAB. 2022 Jan-Mar;28(1):4251-4253. DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2022281.4251

Corresponding AutorCorrespondence to: Irena Stoilova, Department of Hygiene Medical Ecology, Occupational Diseases and Disaster Medicine, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University – Pleven; 1, St. Kliment Ohridski Str., Pleven, Bulgaria; E-mail: irena.stoilova444@abv.bg

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Received: 24 November 2021
Published online: 24 February 2022

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