head JofIMAB
Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski Publishing Ltd.
ISSN: 1312-773X (Online)
Issue: 2022, vol. 28, issue1
Subject Area: Dental Medicine
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DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2022281.4186
Published online: 06 January 2022

Review article
J of IMAB. 2022 Jan-Mar;28(1):4186-4189
TYPES OF PIT AND FISSURE SEALANTS. INDICATIONS AND CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR SILANIZATION. REVIEW
Lilyana ShterevaORCID logo Corresponding Autoremail, Veselina KondevaORCID logo, Mariana DimitrovaORCID logo,
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University – Plovdiv, Bulgaria.

ABSTRACT:
Background: Dental sealants have been used to reduce the incidence and severity of dental caries in the pits and fissures of teeth for over 40 years. Since that time, numerous scientific discoveries have led to the development of multiple generations of new sealant materials.
Aim: The aim of this paper is to summarize the findings of reviews regarding the types of pit and fissure sealants, indications and contraindications for their use.
Methods and materials: Previous systematic reviews on this topic were used as the basis for the current review. Cochrane, MEDLINE, Embase, and a few other bibliographic databases were searched for English and Bulgarian-language articles. The year of publication of the searched articles was limited from 2000 to 2020. Only articles in English and Bulgarian languages were read in full.
Results: A total of 114 articles were identified by the literature search, the title and abstract of the articles were examined. Twenty-four original research studies met the inclusion criteria. They were read in full, and evidence was extracted for types of pit and fissure sealants, as well as indications and contraindications for their use.
Conclusion: Evidence derived from the literature led to the conclusion that sealants are effective in preventing pit and fissure occlusal carious. The selection of the material used for silanization is made depending on a few factors that should be considered, such as patient's and tooth age, child's behavior and ability to isolate the surfaces which are going to be sealed. Regular examinations are required to be able to determine the need for reapplication of sealants and to maximize the effectiveness and results of the treatment.

Keywords: pit and fissure sealants, types of sealants, indications for silanization, contraindications for silanization,

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Please cite this article as: Shtereva L, Kondeva V, Dimitrova M. Types of pit and fissure sealants. Indications and contraindications for silanization. Review. J of IMAB. 2022 Jan-Mar;28(1):4186-4189. DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2022281.4186

Corresponding AutorCorrespondence to: Lilyana Shtereva, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University-Plovdiv; 3, HristoBotev str., Plovdiv, Bulgaria; E-mail: shtereva.lilyana@abv.bg

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Received: 19 May 2021
Published online: 06 January 2022

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