head JofIMAB
Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski Publishing Ltd.
ISSN: 1312-773X (Online)
Issue: 2021, vol. 27, issue4
Subject Area: Medicine
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2021274.4128
Published online: 29 November 2021

Original article

J of IMAB. 2021 Oct-Dec;27(4):4128-4132
Georgi Nikolov1ORCID logo, Rusana Tsvetanova2ORCID logo Corresponding Autoremail, Mariela Hristova- Savova1ORCID logo,
1) National Centre of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases, Department of Immunology, Sofia, Bulgaria.
2) Department of Landscape Architecture, Faculty of Ecology and Landscape Architecture, University of Forestry, Sofia, Bulgaria.

Purpose: Platanus pollen is a serious cause of asthma, allergic rhinitis and conjunctivitis in many European countries. The aim of the present pilot study is to investigate the sensitization to 3 different plane tree species in a group of patients with pollinosis.
Materials and methods: 21 patients were surveyed - 11 men and 10 women. A skin prick test was performed with a set of allergens: Grass pollen mix; Betulaceae pollen mix; Platanusorientalis; Platanusacerifolia; Platanusoccidentalis.
Results: 95% of patients are sensitized to grass pollen, with moderate positive skin reactions predominating. 86% have a co-sensitization to tree pollens also, particularly to the birch tree family. Only 3 (14%) of the studied patients showed slight positive skin tests to the studied plane tree allergens, with no significant difference in sensitization to studied Platanus species (p>0,05).
Conclusion: At present, the sensitization to different Platanus species is not comparable to that of grass or birch pollen. However, it will be necessary to conduct new long-term, large-scale studies to prove whether Platanus pose a real threat to people in urban areas.
The results of this interdisciplinary study are important both for clinical allergologists and for landscape architects and ecologists involved in the planning and management of urban green infrastructure.

Keywords: pollen allergy, Platanus allergy, pollinosis, skin prick tests,

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Please cite this article as: Nikolov G, Tsvetanova R, Hristova-Savova M. A pilot study of sensitization to plane tree pollen in Sofia, Bulgaria. J of IMAB. 2021 Oct-Dec;27(4):4128-4132. DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2021274.4128

Corresponding AutorCorrespondence to: Rusana Tsvetanova, University of Forestry, Sofia; V. D. Stoyanov str., 7 bl, A entr, 28 ap. Sofia, Krasnapolyana, Bulgaria; E-mail: rusanatsvet@gmail.com

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Received: 16 September 2021
Published online: 29 November 2021

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