head JofIMAB
Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski Publishing Ltd.
ISSN: 1312-773X (Online)
Issue: 2021, vol. 27, issue2
Subject Area: Dental Medicine
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2021272.3682
Published online: 05 April 2021

Review article

J of IMAB. 2021 Apr-Jun;27(2):3682-3687
Elitsa SabevaORCID logo Corresponding Autoremail,
Department of Periodontology and Dental Implantology, Medical University of Varna, Bulgaria.

Purpose: The aim of this review was to investigate the potential impact of secondary etiological factors on the development of peri-implant infections.
Results: During the review process we found sufficient evidence to define the following factors as secondary etiological factors for the development of peri-implantitis: a history of periodontitis;  implant surface characteristics; suprastructure characteristics; cemented restorations;  implant-abutment connection; smoking; diabetes and peri-implant mucosa characteristics.
Conclusion: To reduce the risk of peri-implantitis, the following recommendations should be considered: (1) in partially edentulous patients, implant treatment should start after elimination of the periodontal infection and after the establishment of a stable periodontal status; (2) implants should be placed in areas where there is a minimum of 2 mm of keratinized mucosa; (3) an internal implant-abutment connection and screw-retained suprastructures are preferred; (4) suprastructures should be planned carefully to facilitate good oral hygiene; and (5) smoking cessation should be promoted and (6) only patients with controlled diabetes should undergo implant placement.

Keywords: peri-implantitis, peri-implant mucositis, peri-implant infection,

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Please cite this article as: Sabeva E, Secondary Etiological Factors in the Development of Peri-implantitis. J of IMAB. 2021 Apr-Jun;27(1):3682-3687. DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2021272.3682

Corresponding AutorCorrespondence to: Elitsa Sabeva, Department of Periodontology and Dental Implantology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University of Varna; 84, Tzar Osvoboditel Blvd., 9000 Varna, Bulgaria; E-mail: elica.sabeva@mail.bg

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Received: 27 May 2020
Published online: 05 April 2021

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