head JofIMAB
Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski Publishing Ltd.
ISSN: 1312-773X (Online)
Issue: 2020, vol. 26, issue2
Subject Area: Dental Medicine
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2020262.3087
Published online: 22 April 2020

Review article

J of IMAB. 2020 Apr-Jun;26(2):3087-3091
Natali TomevaORCID logo Corresponding Autoremail, Elitsa DeliverskaORCID logo,
Department of Dental, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University- Sofia, Bulgaria.

Background: Monitoring is global methods of observation and data recording in relation to organs and system function that afford constant information to ensure continuous evaluation of the patient’s physical condition. Blood pressure heart rate, oxygen saturation and temperature are used often as an indirect measurement and determination of these parameters combined can serve as good indicators of anxiety, and pain before and during the procedure.
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine and analyze the changes in vital signs and hemodynamic changes induced by a dental extraction and third molar surgery.
Material and methods: Electronic searches were conducted through the MEDLINE (PubMed), Scopus etc. databases to screen all relevant articles published from inception to April 2019.
Results: All surveys included in this review were studied for vital signs and hemodynamic changes after the administration of local anesthetic at various points of time. Measurement of hemodynamic parameters showed no hypertensive peaks in systolic and diastolic blood pressure at any evaluation time. The type of local anesthetic slightly affected diastolic and systolic BP during different measurement periods without statistical significance. Pulse rate varied slightly during different measurement periods, and this variation did not achieve statistical significance. Measurement of oxygen saturation showed statistically significant differences at time of local anesthetic administration and 15 minutes after tooth extraction.
Monitoring during oral surgery allows the surgeon to identify immediately situations of emergency before and during the surgical procedure, establish an early diagnosis and prevent possible complications, and operate with optimized safety.

Keywords: Blood pressure, heart rate, monitoring physiologic, local anesthetic, oxygen saturation, tooth extraction,

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Please cite this article as: Tomeva N, Deliverska E. Monitoring of vital signs and hemodynamic changes in patients undergoing tooth extraction and third molar surgery - literature review. J of IMAB. 2020 Apr-Jun;26(2):3087-3091. DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2020262.3087

Corresponding AutorCorrespondence to: Natali Tomeva, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial surgery, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University Sofia; 1, Georgi Sofiiski Blvd., 1431 Sofia, Bulgaria; E-mail: ntomeva@abv.bg

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Received: 14 May 2019
Published online: 22 April 2020

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