head JofIMAB
Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski Publishing Ltd.
ISSN: 1312-773X (Online)
Issue: 2020, vol. 26, issue1
Subject Area: Medicine
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2020261.3005
Published online: 26 March 2020

Original article

J of IMAB. 2020 Jan-Mar;26(1):3005-3010
Elena MerdzhanovaORCID logo, Gergana PetrovaORCID logo Corresponding Autoremail, Valentina LalovaORCID logo,
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University of Plovdiv, Bulgaria.

Introduction: The somatotype is a method for complex evaluation of human body structure and shape on basis 10 anthropomorphic indexes.
Objective:  The present analysis is part of the research of adolescents’ physical development at the age of 11 – 14 in Plovdiv and it aims to analyze and evaluate their somatotype depending on sex and age.
Materials and methods: a method for somatotype determination after The Heath -Carter method and mathematical-statistical methods have been applied (Pearson non-parametric test, dispersion analysis Oneway – ANOVA test). The results have been processed with SPSS Statistics v.19 program package.
Results: Somatotype changes for adolescents and for the 11 and 12 years old endomorphic somatotype is predominant, respectively 32 (40 %) and 34 (39.1 %). The greatest change in somatotype comes at the age of 14. The biggest share here is for ectomorphic 18 (48.6 %), and the smallest share is for endomorphic somatotype 6 (16.2 %). It has been established a statistically significant variance in both group age 11 – 12 and 13 – 14 somatotype, respectively for the boys (χ2 = 9.29; df = 2; p = 0.01), but there is no similar correlation for the girls (χ2 = 0.65; df = 2; p = 0.72).
Conclusion: The boys are more athletic especially for the age 13 – 14 years old in comparison to the girls where endomorphic somatotype is predominant for both age groups – they have more developed adipose tissue, but less developed muscle mass.

Keywords: somatotype, adolescents, physical development,

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Please cite this article as: Merdzhanova E, Petrova G, Lalova V. Analysis of adolescents’ (11-14 years old) somatotype in Plovdiv, Bulgaria. J of IMAB. 2020 Jan-Mar;26(1):3005-3010.
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2020261.3005

Corresponding AutorCorrespondence to: Assoc. Prof. Gergana Petrova, PhD, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University – Plovdiv; 15, Vasil Aprilov blvd., 4002 Plovdiv, Bulgaria; E-mail: gkpg21@yahoo.com

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Received: 10 May 2019
Published online: 26 March 2020

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