head JofIMAB
Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski Publishing Ltd.
ISSN: 1312-773X (Online)
Issue: 2020, vol. 26, issue1
Subject Area: Medicine
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2020261.2956
Published online: 27 February 2020

Original article

J of IMAB. 2020 Jan-Mar;26(1):2956-2960
Marieta TodorovaORCID logo Corresponding Autoremail,
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University – Plovdiv, Bulgaria.

Purpose: The aim of the study is to investigate the influence of some personal factors such as anxiety and Type D personality on the health-related quality of life in patients with chronic ischemic heart disease.
Methods: Subject of the study are146 patients with chronic ischemic heart disease and a control group of 146 individuals.The survey was conducted through a direct individual questionnaire containing three tools: an adapted questionnaire for the assessment of personal anxiety; a questionnaire for the study of Type D personality (DS-14); a standardized questionnaire for the assessment of the health-related quality of life (EQ-5D-3L).
Results: Patients with anxiety and characteristics for type D personality were 45 (30.8%) and subjects from the control group - 13 (8.9%). There was a statistically significant difference between the relative shares of the two groups (t=4.86, p=0.000). Patients with type D personality tested have higher levels of anxiety. The relationships between the areas of HRQL, anxiety and Type D personality were measured by correlation analysis. The established odds ratio shows that patients with a Type D have a 2.94-fold greater risk of disease progression (OR 2.94 (95% CI) 1.84-4.71, P <0.0001); for patients with personal anxiety this risk is higher (OR 3.53 (95% CI) 2.15-5.79, P <0.0001).
Conclusion: The significance of the type of personality and the psycho-emotional resources for coping with the disease have been identified as an important component of thealth care. Nurses can play a leading role in shaping health culture and providing better prophylactic care.

Keywords: type D personality, health-related quality of life, prevention, nurses, health care,

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Please cite this article as: Todorova M. Factors affecting the quality of life in patients with coronary heart disease and the role of nurses for prevention. J of IMAB. 2020 Jan-Mar;26(1):2956-2960. DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2020261.2956

Corresponding AutorCorrespondence to: Marieta Todorova, PhD, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University - Plovdiv; 15A Vasil Aprilov Blvd., Plovdiv, Bulgaria; E-mail: mariettodorova@gmail.com

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Received: 12 May 2019
Published online: 27 February 2020

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