head JofIMAB
Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski Publishing
ISSN: 1312-773X (Online)
Issue: 2017, vol. 23, issue 3
Subject Area: Dental Medicine
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2017233.1633
Published online: 05 July 2017

Original article

J of IMAB 2017 Jul-Sep;23(3):1633-1636
Evgeni Dimitrov1ORCID logo Corresponding Autoremail, Milena Georgieva1ORCID logo, Radosveta Andreeva1ORCID logo, Мariana Dimova-Gabrovska2ORCID logo, Hristina Arnautska3
1) Department of Pediatric dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University – Varna, Bulgaria
2) Department of Prosthetic Dental Medicine, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University - Sofia, Bulgaria
3) Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical Univesity - Varna, Bulgaria.

The aim of the current epidemiological research is to present the caries prevalence in children and on tooth surfaces in 5-7 – year-olds from Varna. The object of the current epidemiological research is a representative part of 100 5-7 – year-old children, randomly chosen. The unit of observation is temporary and early mixed dentition, primary molars and their occlusal and approximal surfaces. The survey was carried out acc ording to WHO’s criteria. For caries risk assessment it is used the ICDAS system, where for a diagnostic limit was chosen d3mft. As a result from the conducted epidemiological research it is concluded that in this age group 93% of the children have experience with caries and barely 7% are caries free (dmft/ DMF(T+t)=0). The intensity d1-3mft and D1-3MF(T+t) of the caries have an average value of 5,76 ± 2,9. The relative share of the approximal caries of the primary molars on maxilla and mandible is 81,5% for both. The relative share of the occlusal caries is 19,6%. In the current research, it is not established statistically significant difference (P>0,05) concerning approximal lesions on first and second primary molar. There is the statistically significant difference (P<0,05) in the relative share of occlusal caries, which mainly affects the occlusal surface on the second primary molar. The relative share of the children without occlusal caries on primary molar is 60%, while those without approximal caries is barely 18%.

Keywords: caries prevalence, distribution of caries among children, epidemiologic research for occlusal and approximal caries,

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Please cite this article in PubMed Style or AMA (American Medical Association) Style:
Dimitrov E, Georgieva M, Andreeva R, Dimova-Gabrovska M, Arnautska H. Caries prevalence among 5-7 - year-old children in Northeast Bulgaria. J of IMAB. 2017 Jul-Sep;23(3):1633-1636. DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2017233.1633

Corresponding AutorCorrespondence to: Dr Evgeni Dimitrov, Departmant of Pediatric dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine – Varna; 19 “prof. VankoVankov” str., 1st floor, ap. 1; Varna, Bulgaria; E-mail: eugene_d@abv.bg

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Received: 27 April 2017
Published online: 05 July 2017

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