Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski, Gospodin Iliev
ISSN: 1312 773X (Online)
Issue: 2016, vol. 22, issue 3
Subject Area: Medicine
Pages: 1253-1256
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2016223.1253
Published online: 08 August 2016

J of IMAB 2016 Jul-Sep;22(3):1253-1256
Biserka I. Vasileva1, Milena D. Karcheva2 Corresponding Autor, Vanya A. Birdanova3, Metodi V. Valkov4, Georgi N. Nikolov5, Alexandar V. Valkov5
1) Department of Therapeutic Care, Faculty of Health Care, Medical University-Pleven, Bulgaria
2) Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University-Pleven, Bulgaria
3) Department of Hygiene, Medical Ecology, Occupational Diseases and Disaster Medicine, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University-Pleven, Bulgaria
4) Regional Health Inspectorate-Pleven, Bulgaria
5) Department of Otolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Medical University-Pleven, Bulgaria.

Background: Brucellosisis an infectious and contagious disease caused by bacterial species of the genus Brucella. It is a major zoonosis with an important social and economic impact.
Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate and analyze the measures application for control and eradication of brucellosis occurred in the region of Pleven.
Methods: We conducted a retrospective epidemiological study. Respective documents were reviewed. We analyzed Case report form and Questionnaire for persons suspected of having brucellosis. Conclusions were made of the possible source of the disease and the risk factors leading to infection of humans.
Results: A focus of Brucellosis among the animals to private goat farm in August was detected. The connection to other existing in the country focuses has been proved. Two of the persons, having had contacts with the animals developed clinical symptoms of the disease; referenced persons have consumed fresh goat cheese and milk. A joint epidemiological investigation with representatives of responsible authorities was carried out and measures undertook to restrict and liquidate the focus.
Conclusion: Brucellosis in man can only be prevented effectively by elimination of the animal reservoir. This necessitates a close interaction between the medical authorities concerned with public health authorities on the one hand and the veterinary authorities on the other.

Key words: brucellosis, epidemiological investigation, measures,

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Please cite this article in PubMed Style or AMA (American Medical Association) Style:
Vasileva BI, Karcheva MD, Birdanova VA, Valkov MV, Nikolov GN, Valkov AV. Outbreak investigation and control of Brucellosis. J of IMAB. 2016 Jul-Sep;22(3):1253-1256.

Correspondence to: Milena Karcheva, MD, PhD; Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University-Pleven; 1, Sv. Kliment Ohridski Str. 5800 Pleven, Bulgaria; E-mail:

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Received: 08 June 2016
Published online: 08 August 2016

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