Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski, Gospodin Iliev
ISSN: 1312 773X (Online)
Issue: 2013, vol. 19, book 4
Subject Collection: Oral and Dental Medicine
Pages: 435-438
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2013194.435
Published online: 17 December 2013

J of IMAB 2013 Jul-Dec;19(4):435-438
Maria ShindovaCorresponding Autor, Ani Belcheva.
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University – Plovdiv, Bulgaria.

The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effect of parental presence on dental anxiety in children aged 6-12 years during clinical examination measuring subjective and objective parameters of stress.
The study was conducted on 48 randomly selected 6-12-years-old children, divided into two subgroups. Children in subgroup I were examined in parental presence and in subgroup II in parental absence. The dental anxiety degree was assessed using a combination of objective and subjective parameters including heart rate, oxygen saturation and self-report anxiety rating.
In each subgroup the mean heart rate is lowest on the dental chair before the examination and highest during the clinical examination itself with statistically significant difference (p<0.001).The self-report anxiety ratings are higher before the examination and lower after it in each subgroup with a statistically significant difference (p<0.001). The heart rate, oxygen saturation and self-report anxiety ratings show no significant differences between the two subgroups (p>0.05).
The most anxiety provoking situation was found to be the time of the clinical oral examination itself. After facing the stressful factor the anxiety degree reduces considerably. Parental presence or absence in the treatment room has no impact on anxiety level of children aged 6-12 years during their clinical examination.

Key words: parent; anxiety; pulse rate; oxygen saturation; scale;

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Please cite this article as:
Shindova M, Belcheva A. The Effect of Parental Presence on the Dental Anxiety during Clinical Examination in Children Aged 6-12 Years. J of IMAB. 2013 Jul-Dec;19(4):435-438. doi: 10.5272/jimab.2013194.435.

Correspondence to: Dr.  Maria Shindova, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University, Plovdiv; 3, Hristo Botev Blvd., Plovdiv, Bulgaria;

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Received: 29 October 2013
Published online: 17 December 2013

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