back to 2012, vol. 18, b. 4
Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski, Gospodin Iliev
ISSN: 1312 773X (Online)
Issue: 2012, vol. 18, book 4
Subject Collection: Oral and Dental Medicine
Pages: 255-262
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2012184.255
Published online: 23 October 2012

J of IMAB 2012; 18(4):255-262
Maya Lyapina1, Angelina Kisselova-Yaneva2, Assya Krasteva2, Mariana Tzekova–Yaneva2, Maria Dencheva-Garova2
1) Department of Hygiene, Medical Ecology and Nutrition, Medical Faculty,
2) Department of Oral and Image Diagnostic, Faculty of Dental Medicine,
Medical University, Sofia, Bulgaria.

Formaldehyde is a ubiquitous chemical agent, a part of our outdoor and indoor working and residential environment. Healthcare workers in difficult occupations are among the most affected by formaldehyde exposure. Formaldehyde is an ingredient of some dental materials. Formaldehyde is well-known mucous membrane irritant and a primary skin sensitizing agent associated with both contact dermatitis (Type IV allergy), and immediate, anaphylactic reactions (Type I allergy). Inhalation exposure to formaldehyde was identified as a potential cause of asthma. Quite a few investigations are available concerning health issues for dental students following formaldehyde exposure. Such studies would be beneficial for early diagnosis of hypersensitivity, adequate prophylactic, risk assessment and management of their work.

Key words: formaldehyde, allergic contact dermatitis, occupational exposure, dental materials, healthcare workers.

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Please cite this article as: Lyapina M, Kisselova-Yaneva A, Krasteva A, Tzekova–Yaneva M, Dencheva-Garova M. ALLERGIC CONTACT DERMATITIS FROM FORMALDEHYDE EXPOSURE. J of IMAB. 2012; 18(4):255-262. doi: 10.5272/ jimab.2012184.255.

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Accepted for publication: 16 August 2012
Issue published online: 23 October 2012

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