back to 2012, vol. 18, b. 4
Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski, Gospodin Iliev
ISSN: 1312 773X (Online)
Issue: 2012, vol. 18, book 4
Subject Collection: Oral and Dental Medicine
Pages: 224-228
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2012184.224
Published online: 16 July 2012

J of IMAB 2012; 18(4):224-228
Impact of different combinations of inhaled corticosteroids and long-acting sympathicomimetics on dental health of asthmatics.
Emilia Karova1, George Christoff2
1) Department of Conservative Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine,
2) Department of Health Economics, Faculty of Public Health,
Medical University - Sofia, Bulgaria.

The aim of the investigation is to study the effect of inhaled corticosteroids and long-acting sympathicomimetics on dental health in asthmatics.
Thirty patients, from 20 to 55 years old, participate in the study. D-, M-, F- and DMFT indexes are determined in a 6 months period. All participants fill in a questionnaire.
Asthmatics complain most frequently from oral dryness, take frequently sugar and soft drinks and visit irregularly dental practitioners. A significant increase in M-index is found out at the second visit. F-index increases considerably for patients treated with Beclometasone and Formoterol and D-index decreases significantly when treated with Budesonide and Formoterol. DMFT index increases considerably for all patients. Highest values of DMFT index are registered for patients treated with Fluticasone propionate and Salmeterol.
Prolonged use of inhaled drugs with greater quantities of lactose leads to more impaired dental status in asthmatics and higher values of DMFT index.

Key words: asthma, inhaled corticosteroids, inhaled long-acting sympathicomimetics, oral dryness, dental status.

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Please cite this article as: Karova E, Christoff G. Impact of different combinations of inhaled corticosteroids and long-acting sympathicomimetics on dental health of asthmatics. J of IMAB. 2012; 18(4):224-228. doi:10.5272/jimab.2012184.224

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Accepted for publication: 08 April 2012
Issue published online: 16 July 2012

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