Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski, Gospodin Iliev
ISSN: 1312 773X (Online)
Issue: 2010, vol. 16, book 3
Subject Collection: Medicine
Page: 17 - 19
Online date: July 21, 2010
J of IMAB 2010; 16(3):17-19
IMMUNE RESPONSE IN MALIGNANT GLIOMA
Iliyan Koev1, E. Slavov2, D. Staykov1, K. Halacheva2, Sarafian V.1,
1) Clinic of Neurosurgery; Department of General and Clinical pathology, Department of Biology, Medical University-Plovdiv, Bulgaria;
2) Department of Molecular Biology, Medical genetics and Immunology, Trakia University, Stara Zagora, Bulgaria
Objective: Malignant gliomas are primary brain tumors with excessive mortality and high resistance to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The survival time for glioblastoma multiforme is about 6-12 months. As key pathogenetic mechanisms are recognized the massive necrosis, angiogenesis and hypoxia within the tumor, as well as the resistance to apoptosis. It is also suspected that altered immune response might contribute to the fatal clinical outcome.
The aim of the present study was to determine the immune status of patients with malignant gliomas.
Material and methods: Peripheral blood lymphocytes were collected preoperatively from 9 patients (aged 57-76) diagnosed as anaplastic astrocytoma grade III (n=4) and glioblastoma multiforme (n=5). The following lymphocyte populations were analyzed by flow cytometry: CD19+, CD3+, CD3+CD4+, CD3+CD8+, CD3-CD56+, CD3+CD56+, CD3+CD25+, CD8-CD11b+, CD8+CD11b+, CD8+CD11b-. The results obtained were compared to reference values for each cell population.
Results: No significant alterations were detected in CD19+, CD3+, CD3+CD4+, CD3+CD8+ cells, but the CD4/CD8 ratio was below the reference range in some cases. No obvious decrease in (CD3-CD56+) NK cells and (CD3-CD56+) NKT cells was observed in most patients. A reproducible phenomenon of increased CD8+CD11b+ and decreased CD8+CD11b- cells was noticed.
These preliminary results suggest that the immune response in patients with malignant glioma is seriously disregulated. The rapid clinical deterioration, relapses and high mortality could be at least partially explained with the suppressed activity of NK-cells which are the major cytotoxic antitumoral cells. The increase in the population of activated suppressor-effector cells also contributes to the unfavourable outcome in malignant brain tumors.
Conclusion: This pilot study reveals the presence of altered immune response in malignant gliomas and opens possibilities for prospective investigations concerning immune status and clinical outcome.
Key words: glioma, immune response, immune suppression.
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Please cite this article as: Koev I, Slavov E, Staykov D, Halacheva K, Sarafian V. IMMUNE RESPONSE IN MALIGNANT GLIOMA. J of IMAB. 2010; 16(3):17-19. doi: 10.5272/jimab.1632010_17-19.
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