Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski, Gospodin Iliev
ISSN: 1312-773X (Online)
Issue: Volume 15, book 1, 2009
Subject Collection: Medicine
Page: 98 - 100
Online date: March 26, 2010
Analysis of some indicators of tubercular morbidity in Varna region in 2008
Medical College – Varna, Bulgaria.
ABSTRACT: According to the information from the World Health Organization (WHO) about 1\3 of the world population i.e.2 milliard people are infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis and they are at risk that their condition may deteriorate.
More than 8 million people are annually infected and approximately 2 million die of tuberculosis.
Bulgaria is a country with an average level of incidence – between 12 to 80 per 100 000.
In Varna region the number of the people infected with tuberculosis in 2008 was 143 - 37 patients more than those registered in 2007.
Aim: To make an analysis of some tubercular infection indicators in Varna region in 2008. Materials and methods: A research was carried out in the Pneumo-phthisiatric Clinic in Varna, concerning the patients undergoing treatment there in 2008. Apart from that information was collected from the Center for Disease Control at the Regional Sanitary Inspection in Varna. Results: The number of people infected with tuberculosis in 2008 was 143 – 37 more compared to 2007.The cases of pulmonary consumption had increased by 36.There were patients infected with tuberculosis in Varna Municipality, Provadia, Dolni Chiflik, Акsakovo, Vulchi dol, etc. The highest number of patients suffering from tuberculosis were among the people over 65 years of age and the unemployed between 30 and 35 years of age especially the ones with low standard of life. In the group of the infected people there were 17 children and the youngest patient was 9 months old. Susceptible to the disease were people with weak immune system, low social status, alcoholics, smokers and unemployed. Conclusion: Reducing the incidence of tuberculosis in Varna region can be achieved by: control over the range and quality of the specific immunoprophylaxis with BCG vaccine, raising the public health awareness of tuberculosis, enhancing and monitoring the activity of the non-governmental organizations (NGOs) that work on the problem of tuberculosis in the region of Varna.
Key words: tuberculosis, morbidity, risk factors.
Page: 98-100; FULL TEXT PDF (162 KB)
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