back to vol. 15, b. 1, 2009

Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski, Gospodin Iliev
ISSN: 1312-773X (Online)
Issue: Volume 15, book 1, 2009
Subject Collection: Medicine
Page: 39 - 41
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.1512009_39
Online date:July 28, 2009

Milena Karcheva, Victoria Doycheva*, Todorka Dimitrova*, Krastu Marinov**
Department of Infectious diseases, Epidemiology, Parasitology and Tropical Medicine, Medical University, Pleven; *Department of Epidemiology, Medical University, Sofia; ** Microbiologic Laboratory, Military Medical Academy, Sofia, Bulgaria
SUMMARY: Tularemia is a zoonotic, acute, infectious disease caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis. It is a major problem on the Europe and Balkan Peninsula. In Western Bulgaria two new foci originated during the last 10 years. Aims: To study epidemiology, ecology, nosogeography, conflict and prevention of tularemia that originated during 1997 - 2006 in Bulgaria. Materials and methods: Epidemiological method, Ecological method, Microbiological method, Clinical method, Statistical method. Results: During the last 10 years two endemic foci originated in the physic - geographic regions: Nishav - Borel (near Slivnitsa) and Kraishten (near Pernik) with 40 permanent noso - areas. The study determined that in the Sofia region the number of diseased with tularemia during 1997-2006 is 111 with morbidity 37,16%ооо, and in Pernik region the number of the diseased during the same period is 137 with morbidity 80,38%ооо. Conclusion: In the complex studies of both regions where tularemia developed we found out that the parasite system functioned with its components: a large number of sources and vectors, favourable climatic and geographic conditions and considerable number of factors of the ecologic socio - ecosystem.
Key words: Tularemia, Incidence, Epidemiological investigation.

Page: 39-41; FULL TEXT PDF (130 KB)

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