Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
, Gospodin Iliev
ISSN: 1312 773X
Issue: 2007, vol. 13, book 1
Subject Collection: Medicine
Online date: December 12, 2007
J of IMAB 2007; 13(1):98
DENATURED ALCOHOL AS A FREQUENT SOURCE OF METHANOL INTOXICATION
Yulichka Sabeva1, Petko Marinov2, Sneza Zlateva2, Mariana Koleva1
1) Toxico-chemical Laboratory, Naval Hospital - Varna, Bulgaria
2) Department of Toxicology, Naval Hospital - Varna, Bulgaria.
Ethyl alcohol – spirit for technical designation, denatured is used mostly as dissolving agent in chemical industry and in the everyday life as a spirit for burning. It consists of 95 % ethyl alcohol to which different substances are added and coloring agents to become not fit to drink. For the chemical industry the most often used substances are – methyl alcohol (5 –10%); pyridine bases (0.5 %); benzol (5-10%); chloroform (5%); acetone (10%), petrol (1%) and many others.
The spirit for burning in the household is denatured with methyl alcohol (3-4%) or pyridine (0.25%) and is indicated with the coloring agent methyl-violet which gives it a special blue-violet color. According to the state standards the spirit for burning has to contain not less than 94.5% ethyl alcohol and not more than 1 % methyl alcohol as denaturizing agent.
Key words: ethyl alcohol, methyl alcohol, acute poisoning,
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Please cite this article as:
Sabeva Y, Marinov P, Zlateva S, Koleva M. Denatured alcohol as a frequent source of methanol intoxication. J of IMAB. 2007; 13(1):98. doi: 10.5272/jimab.2007131.98
1. Bulgarian State Standard. 6283/1067
2. Ivanov D. Book of organic chemistry 7th edition. Science and Art, Sofia. 1967; 121.
3. Sabeva Yu, Slavova V, Markova S. Method of quantification of volative solvents in acute intoxications. Annual proceeding (Scientific papers) International Medical Association “Bulgaria” (IMAB), 1999; 5(1):52-54.
4. The Merck Index, An Encyclopedia of Chemicals, Drugs and Biologicals, 13th edition, published by Merck Research Laboratories Division of MERCK & Co., INC., Whitehouse Station, NJ, 2001.-78.
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