Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski, Gospodin Iliev
ISSN: 1312 773X (Online)
Issue: 2016, vol. 22, issue 1
Subject Area: Medicine - Ophtalmology
Pages: 1075-1077
Published online: 25 March 2016

J of IMAB 2016 Jan-Mar;22(1):1075-1077
Krasina P. Valcheva1, Corresponding Autor, Emilia K. Krivoshiiska-Valcheva1, Desislava V. Stateva1, Kiril N. Statev2
1) Eye Clinic, University Hospital “Dr. Georgi Stranski” – Pleven, Bulgaria,
2) Department of Public health sciences, Medical University – Pleven, Bulgaria.

Purpose: To detect visual disturbances, major symptoms and relationship between them in children between the ages of 3 and 6 years, who spend some time in front of a computer.
Material/Methods: In the present study 2823 children attending 23 kindergartens in the city of Pleven, were given inquiry cards. Those with completed questionnaires were examined for visual acuity and convergence. In cases with low vision the children were invited for a detailed eye examination in the Eye Clinic at the University Hospital "Dr George Stranski" - Pleven.
Results: A total of 2332 children responded and were examined (1174 girls and 1158 boys). The age of children is from 3 to 6 years. We found 303 children with subjective complaints in a close work, 163 with low vision and 18 with impaired convergence. Regarding the duration of stay in front of a computer – 159 children stay over 3 hours a day in front of video display, 1228 children spend about 1 hour a day in front of a computer and 945 children do not play on a computer.
Conclusion: Nowadays more and more children use computers for recreational purposes at home. From our study it became clear that preschool children overuse their stay in front of computer.

Key words: computer eye syndrome, preschoolers, computer,

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Please cite this article in PubMed Style or AMA (American Medical Association) Style:
Valcheva KP, Krivoshiiska-Valcheva EK, Stateva BV, Statev KN. Computer eye syndrome in children aged 3 to 6 years. J of IMAB. 2016 Jan-Mar;22(1):1075-1077.

Correspondence to: Krasina P. Valcheva, Eye Clinic, University Hospital “Dr Georgi Stranski” – Pleven; 91, Gen. Vladimir Vazov str., 5800 Pleven, Bulgaria; E-mail: krasina_valcheva@abv.bgg

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3. Sheedy JE, Shaw-McMinn PG. Chapter 13, Assisting Children and Low Vision Patients in the Use of Computers. In: Diagnosing and treating computer related vision problems. Butterworth-Heinemann. 2003; p. 221-227. [CrossRef]
4. Grupcheva HN. [Do computer glasses exist?] [in Bulgarian]. Refraction and optical correction. 2003; 1:12
5. Stateva DV, Balabanov CB, Statev KN. [Low vision among children of preschool age in Pleven] [in Bulgarian]. Bulgarian review of ophthalmology. 2011; 4:10-13.

Received: 22 December 2015
Published online: 25 March 2016

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