Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski, Gospodin Iliev
ISSN: 1312 773X
Issue: 2015, vol. 21, issue 2
Subject Area: Medicine
Published online: 21 May 2015
J of IMAB 2015 Apr-Jun;21(2):779-783
HEME OXYGENASE-1 UPREGULATED BY MELATONIN: POTENTIAL PROTECTION AGAINST BURN-INDUCED OXIDATIVE GASTRIC MUCOSAL INJURY.
Minka Hristova1, Ganka Bekyarova1, Maria Tzaneva2.
1) Divison of Pathophysiology, Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Varna, Bulgaria
2) Department of Clinical and Preclinical Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy , Medical University of Varna, Bulgaria.
Melatonin is indoleamine hormone derived from L-tryptophan. Due to its lipophilic nature, it is accessible to every cell. Melatonin has immunomodulatory and antioxidant activities thus protecting tissue injury. Heat shock proteins such as HSP32 known as heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) possesses antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and vasodilatory properties and plays an important role in the protecting of tissues from several stresses. The aim of study is to investigate the expression of HO-1 in gastric mucosa and its connection with oxidative stress and melatonin mediated protection after thermal injury. On rats back, under anesthesia, third degree burn was applied involving 30% of total body surface area (TBSA). Melatonin (10 mg per kg body mass) was injected i.p. immediately and 12 hours after thermal skin injury. We used tissue malondialdehyde (MDA), lipid peroxidation product, as a marker of oxidative stress. Gastric mucosa histopathology were observed on light microscopy and light immunohistochemistry investigating the HO-1 too. Results: The levels of MDA in gastric mucosa were elevated (p< 0.05). The HO-1 expression was significantly increased in rats with trauma. Melatonin inhibited elevation in lipid peroxidation product and augmented the increase in expression of HO-1 in the gastric mucosa. In conclusion, our data suggest that HO-1 induction following burn injury is an adaptive response protecting gastric mucosal against further oxidative damage. Melatonin increased the antioxidant capacity and restricted burn-induced oxidative damage in gastric mucosa and thus could be used therapeutically in organ protection.
Key words: melatonin, heme-oxygenase 1, oxidative stress, gastric mucosa, thermal injury,
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Please cite this article in PubMed Style or AMA (American Medical Association) Style:
Hristova M, Bekyarova G, Tzaneva M. HEME OXYGENASE-1 UPREGULATED BY MELATONIN: POTENTIAL PROTECTION AGAINST BURN-INDUCED OXIDATIVE GASTRIC MUCOSAL INJURY. J of IMAB. 2015 Jan-Mar;21(2):779-783.
Correspondence to: Dr. Minka Hristova, Divison of Pathophysiology, Medical University-Varna; 55 Marin Drinov Str., 9002 Varna, Bulgaria; E-mail: email@example.com
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Received: 25 February 2015
Published online: 21 May 2015
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