||Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski, Gospodin Iliev
ISSN: 1312 773X (Online)
Issue: 2012, vol. 18, book 4
Subject Collection: Oral and Dental Medicine
Published online: 29 August 2012
J of IMAB 2012; 18(4):243-250
“ERGONOMIZATION” OF THE WORKING ENVIRONMENT AND BUILDING UP OF HEALTHY WORKING POSTURE OF DENTAL STUDENTS
Lydia G. Katrova1, Ivan Ivanov2, Marin Ivanov2, Кalina Pejcheva3
1) Department of Public Dental Health, 2) Students, Faculty of Dental Medicine, 3) Department of Conservative Dentistry,
Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University, Sofia, Bulgaria.
The purpose was to assess the knowledge of dental students of the ergonomics’ principles and how they develop adequate skills to work safe in clinic. Methods: A questionnaire, comprising a set of 25 close-ended questions and 2 open-ended questions to rate the knowledge, attitude and motivation regarding the good posture, training environment and real clinical practice’ organization, was distributed among 260 from a total of 685 dental students. Demonstration of proper working posture and training in it had been given to 4-th and 5-th year’ students. The process was registered by photos. Data were treated statistically using SPSS. 16.1. Results: Most of students report they know the right working posture (52,6%) or “have an idea” (36,6%). Almost all of them are persuaded it is important to work in good posture (95,9%). They would like to be trained in ergonomics (96,4%), and think it should be done before graduation (90,2%). Students agree on integrating ergonomic training into the clinical training and think it is possible (73,6%). The students originating from “dental” families demonstrated higher interest in ergonomics. The photos taken before the training showed that knowledge without practice is not stable. Conclusion: The students understand the importance of the practical application of the dental ergonomics principles. Registering skills is an important education tool. The findings of the research support the argument for integrating ergonomics in clinical studies.
Key words: dental ergonomics, logistic training, dental education, professional health of dentists.
- Download FULL TEXT /PDF 1825 KB/
Please cite this article as: Katrova LG, Ivanov I, Ivanov M, Pejcheva K. “Ergonomization” of the working environment and building up of healthy working posture of dental students. J of IMAB. 2012; 18(4):243-250. doi: 10.5272/ jimab.2012184.243.
1. SmartTec. Musculoskeletal disorders: their symptoms and possible causes. Smartpractice; 2002.
2. Boyd MA, Rucker LM. Effects of Immediate Introduction of Indirect Vision on Performance and Posture. J. Dent. Educ. 1987 Feb;51(2):98-101. [PubMed]
3. Boyd MA. Performance Logic in Clinical Dentistry, Center for Human Performance in Dentitsry. The application of performance logic in Dental Education and Practice The performance simulation laboratory, The University of British Columbia Vancouver, B.C. Canada, 1994.
4. Rucker LM, Sunell S. Ergonomic Risk Factors Associated with Clinical Dentistry. J. Calif. Dent. Assoc. 2002 Feb;30(2):139-148. [PubMed]
5. Sunell S, Rucker LM. “Ergonomic Risk Factors Associated with Clinical Dental Hygiene Practice”, Probe 37(4):159-166, 2003.
6. Nermin Y. Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and dental practice. Part 1. General information, terminology, aetiology, work-relatedness, magnitude of the problem, and prevention. Int Dent J. 2006 Dec;56(6):359-366. [PubMed]
7. Yamalik N. Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and dental practice. Part 2. Risk factors for dentistry, magnitude of the problem, prevention, and dental ergonomics. Int Dent J. 2007 Feb;57 (1):45-54. [PubMed]
8. Katrova L. Dental public health, dental profession, dental practice. “WINI 1893” Sofia. 2011. 319 с. ISBN: 978-954-9437-26-3.
9. Taneva E., Katrova L., Matanova E. Dental students experience with personal protective equipment: knowledge, attitudes and practice. 14th International Dentistry Scientific Congress, 31st May–3rd June 2007, Ohrid, Macedonia
10. Katrova L, Taneva E, Ivanova K, Galabov L. Occupational hazards in Dentistry: Perceived sources of stress among Bulgarian Dental Students. 5th International Congress of Medical Sciences for students and young doctors, 11-14 May 2006, Tribuna Medica, p. 174- http://www.icmsbg.org/, Sofia, Bulgaria
11. Katrova L, Marinov M, Ivanov I. Maik Shoaib Assessment of dental students' knowledge on the application of ergonomics’principles in dental clinic; 27th Annual congress of the May 27-28. 2011, Biberach, Germany (poster).
12. Katrova L, Ivanov M, Ivanov I, Shoaib M, Ivchev M. Assessment of the under-graduate dental students’working postures habits during clinical training. 37th Annual Meeting of the Association for Dental Education in Europe. Antalya, Turkey 7th -10th September 2011. (poster)
13. Katrova L, Ivanov I, Ivanov M. Readiness and motivation of students and teachers to put into practice ergonomic principles in dental education. Proceedings, of Scientific cession “20 anniversary of the the Department of Dental Public Health, SimelPress, Sofia May 2012. P. 72-79. ISBN: 978-954-2918-61-5
14. Cowpe J. Plasschaert A. Harzer W. Vinkka-Puhakka H. Walmsley AD. Profile and competences for the graduating European dentist – upd 2009. Eur J Dent Educ. 2010 Nov;14(4):193–202. [PubMed] [CrossRef]
15. Belenky MM, Rucker LM, Kawamura Y. "Application of Numeric Terms and Performance Simulation in Dentistry", J. Int. Coll. of Dent. 17(1):103-116, 1986.
16. Brookhuis KA, Hedge H, Hendrick E. Salas and N. Stanton. Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics Models. Florida: CRC. 2005.
17. Delleman NJ, Haslegrave CM and Chaffin DB Working Postures and Movements. Tools for Evaluation and Engineering. Editors London, New York, Washington: CRC Press LLC, 2004.
18. FDI, Policy Statement, Musculoskeletal Disorders and Dental Practice Adopted by the FDI General Assembly: 26th October 2007, Dubai.
19. Kalheinz Kimmel, Robert Oswald Practising Dentistry, Ergonomic guidelines for the future, Berlin Chicago, Die Quintessenz, 1972.
21. Let ergonomics and true four-handed dentistry help you Jun 1, 2006 By Betty Ladley Finkbeiner and Michael Muscari
22. Ergonomics and Disability Support Advisory Committee (EDSAC) to the Council on Dental Practice (CDP). An introduction to ergonomics: risk factors, MSDs, approaches and interventions. American Dental Association; 2004.
23. Grant KA. Ergonomics: is it optional? PowerPoint presentation.
24. Murphy DC. Ergonomics and the Dental Care Worker. American Public Health Association, United Book Press, Washington, DC;1998.
25. NIOSH. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders. 1997.
26. “Ergonomic requirements for dental equipment” http://www.optergo.com/images/Ergonomic_req_april2007.pdf [accessed 26 September 2007]
27. “Adopting a sitting working posture during patient treatment” http://www.optergo.com/uk/images/Adopting.pdf [accessed 26 September 2007]
28. Hamann C, Werner RA, Franzblau A, Rodgers PA, Siew C, Gruninger S. Prevalence of carpal tunnel syndrome and median mononeuropathy among dentists. J Am Dent Assoc. 2001 Feb;132(2):163-170. [PubMed]
29. Werner RA, Hamann C, Franzblau A, Rodgers PA. Prevalence of carpal tunnel syndrome and upper extremity tendinitis among dental hygienists. J Dent Hyg. 2002 Spring;76(2):126-132. [PubMed].
Accepted for publication: 17 June 2012
Issue published online: 29 August 2012
back to Online Journal