||Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski, Gospodin Iliev
ISSN: 1312 773X (Online)
Issue: 2012, vol. 18, book 3;
Subject Collection: Medicine
Published online: 21 November 2012
J of IMAB. 2012; 18(3):334-336
ON DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS BETWEEN AUTISTIC DISORDER AND ASPERGER’S SYNDROME
Stefan Todorov, Mariana Arnaoudova,
Department of psychiatry, Medical University - Varna, Bulgaria; Third psychiatric Clinic, University hospital "St. Marina" - Varna, Bulgaria.
The differential diagnosis between Autistic disorder (AD) and Asperger’s syndrome (AS) in most cases is quite difficult since most of the symptoms are clinically undistinguished. Several factors complicate the diagnosis of AS- an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). It is considered by some authors to be simply a milder version of autistic disorder. Problems in diagnosis include disagreement among diagnostic criteria, controversy over the distinction between AS and other ASD forms or even whether AS exists as a separate syndrome, and over- and under-diagnosis.
Our paper is based on the diagnostic and differential diagnostic criteria of DSM-IV, ICD-10 and our clinical experience.
In the process of diagnosis and differential diagnosis we, naturally, illustrate and discuss the similarities and differences between the two disorders.
Key words: autistic disorder, Asperger’s syndrome, differential diagnosis.
- Download FULL TEXT /PDF 533 KB/
Please cite this article as: Todorov St, Arnaoudova M. ON DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS BETWEEN AUTISTIC DISORDER AND ASPERGER’S SYNDROME. J of IMAB. 2012; 18(3):334-336. doi: 10.5272/jimab.2012183.334.
1. Wing L. Asperger's syndrome: a clinical account. Psychol Med. 1981 Feb;11(1):115-29. [PubMed]
2. Gillberg C. Asperger's syndrome and recurrent psychosis- A case study. J Autism Dev Disord. 1985; 15(4):389-397. [CrossRef]
3. Levy S. Identifying high-functioning children with autism. Bloomington 1988 IN: Indiana Resource Center for Autism.
4. Wing L. The relationship between Asperger's syndrome and Kanner's autism. in Frith U. Autism and Asperger syndrome. Cambridge University Press 1991: 93–121. ISBN 0-521-38608-X.
5. Wolf S, Barlow A. Schizoid personality in childhood. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 1979; 20: 29-46.
6. Tantam D. Asperger syndrome. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 1988 May;29(3):245-255. [CrossRef]
7. WHO. The ICD-10 classification of mental and behavioral disorders: diagnostic criteria for research. Geneva: World Health Organization; 1993.
8. American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-IV), 2000, (4th ed., text rev.) Washington, DC: APA. [CrossRef]
9. Kanner L. Autistic disturbances of affective contact. Nervous Child, 1943; 2:217-250.
10. American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-I), 1955, Washington, DC: APA.
11. American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-II) 1968, Washington, DC: APA.
12. American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-III), 1980, Washington, DC: APA.
13. Asperger H. Problems of infantile autism. Communication, 1979; 12:45-52.
14. Asperger H. (1991). “Autistic psychopathy” in childhood. In Frith U (Ed. and Trans.) Autism and Asperger syndrome (37-92) Cambridge University Press. (Original work published 1944) ISBN 0-521-38608-X.
15. McPartland J, Klin A. Asperger's syndrome. Adolesc Med Clin. 2006 Oct;17(3):771–88. [PubMed] [CrossRef]
16. Baskin JH, Sperber M, Price BH. Asperger syndrome revisited. Rev Neurol Dis. 2006 Winter;3(1):1–7. [PubMed]
17. Schopler E. Are autism and Asperger syndrome different labels or different disabilities? J Autism Dev Disord. 1996 Feb;26(1):109–110. [PubMed] [CrossRef].
Accepted for publication: 09 September 2012
Issue published online: 21 November 2012
back to Online Journal