||Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski, Gospodin Iliev
ISSN: 1312 773X (Online)
2012, vol. 18, book 2
Subject Collection: Oral and Dental Medicine
Pages: 150 - 152
Published online: 22 February 2012
J of IMAB 2012; 18(2):150-152
PATTERNS OF MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES IN UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL ‘St. ANNA’, SOFIA.
Elitsa Deliverska, Martin Rubiev
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University - Sofia, Bulgaria
Purpose: To compare the etiology, presentation, type of trauma in Department of maxillofacial surgery, University Hospital ‘St. Anna’, Sofia over a period of 4 years.
Materials and methods: During the period of from 01. 05. 2005 - 31. 01. 2009 276 patients with maxillofacial injuries were identified from Department of maxillofacial surgery, University Hospital St. Anna, Sofia. Patients were grouped into the following categories: age, gender, etiologies, soft tissues injuries, type and location of fracture and associated injuries.
Results: There were a total of 276 patients. Of these 216 were male and 60 were female with the mean age of 10-85 years. A total 216 bone fractures were identified. Of these 49 were zygomatic complex fractures, 15 orbital blow out fractures, 70 mandible fractures, 66 nasal complex fractures.
There was increase in the number of nasal and mandible fractures over the 4 years period. The most common cause of injury was assault followed by road traffic accident. We will present a detailed analysis of other patterns of injuries.
Conclusion: The changing pattern of trauma has several implications for injury prevention as well as surgical training. Our study highlights the areas which will require further focus in any future local health strategy.
Key words: maxillofacial injuries, associated trauma, pattern.
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Please cite this article as: Deliverska E, Rubiev M. Patterns of Maxillofacial Injuries in University Hospital ‘St. Anna’, Sofia. J of IMAB. 2012; 18(2):150-152. doi:10.5272/jimab.2012182.150
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Accepted for publication: 26 November 2011
Issue published online: 22 February 2012
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