back to home

Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski, Gospodin Iliev
ISSN: 1312 773X (Online)
Issue: 2011, vol. 17, book 2
Subject Collection: Oral and Dental Medicine
Page: 137 - 139
DOI: 10.5272/jimab.2011172.137
Online date: October 31, 2011

J of IMAB 2011; 17(2):137-139
Donka G. Kirova
Department of Oral Surgery, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University - Plovdiv, Bulgaria

Dental anxiety and dental fear are major factors causing much troubles for the people attending to their own personal health.  Statistics show that the 25-26-year-olds experience higher dental anxiety than others. This can be accounted for by the diverse, intense effects of a number of psychological factors in this age range that can cause dental fear and dental anxiety.
The aim of the present study was to survey the dental anxiety levels among the students of the Faculty of Dentistry in Plovdiv and determine whether they change throughout the course of study.
Material and methods. The self-reported assessment scale developed by N. Corah, the Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS) was used in the study; it was applied in the form of a questionnaire containing data on gender, age, education. A total of 535 students of all years in the Faculty of Dentistry in Plovdiv were recruited in the study; they were interviewed either individually or in groups.
Results and discussion. Anxiety-free students were the most numerous group in the sample (369, 63.08%), which were followed by students showing moderate anxiety. The mean DAS score of the whole sample was 7.83±0.12; the mean scores by groups were as follows: 8.37±0.26 for the first year students (n1), 7.34±0.19 for the second, third and fourth year students (n2), 7.82±0.16 for the fifth and sixth year students (n3). Twenty five (4.27%) students experienced high anxiety and 11 students (1.88%) - severe anxiety. Analysis of the mean dental anxiety scores for the three groups showed that fear of dental treatment statistically significantly declined with each successive year of study (P = 0.008).
Conclusions: Dental students have a significantly higher level of dental anxiety at the beginning of their training than at its end (P <0.01). Enhancing education and awareness affects favourably dental anxiety.

Key words: dental anxiety, dental fear of students, dental anxiety scales.

1. Acharya S, Sangam DK. Dental anxiety and its relation ship with self-perceived health locus of control among Indian dental students. Oral Health Prev Dent. 2010; 8(1): 9-14. [PubMed]
2. Al-Omari WM, Al-Omiri MK. Dental anxiety among university students and its correlation with their field of study. J Appl Oral Sci. 2009; 17(3): 199-03. DOI: 10.1590/S1678-77572009000300013 CrossRef] [PubMed]
3. Barbería E, Fernández-Frías C, Suárez-Clúa C, Saavedra D. Analysis of anxiety variables in dental students. Int Dent J 2004; 54(6): 445-9. [PubMed]
4. Corah NL. Dental anxiety. Assessment, reduction and increasing patient satisfaction. Dent Clin North Am 1988 Oct;32(4):779-90. [PubMed]
5. Corah NL, Pantera RE. Controlled study of psychological stress in a dental procedure. J Dent Res 1968 Jan-Feb;47(1):154-7. DOI: 10.1177/00220345680470011001 CrossRef] [PubMed]
6. HalonenH, Salo T, Hakko H, Räsänen P. Association of dental anxiety to personality traits in a general population sample of Finish university students. Acta Odontol Scand 2011 Jul 8; [doi:10.3109/00016357.2011.598182 CrossRef] [PubMed].
7. Yusa H, Onizawa K, Hori M, Takeda S, Takeda H, Fukushima S, Yoshida H. Anxiety measurements in university students undergoing third molar extraction. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2004 Jul;98(1):23-7. [doi:10.1016/j.tripleo.2003.12.017 CrossRef] [PubMed]
8. Kaakko T, Milgrom P, Coldwell S, Getz T, Weistein Ph, Ramsay D. Dental fear among university students: Implications for pharmacological research. Anesth Prog. 1998 Spring;45:62-67. [PubMed]
9. Kirova D, Atanasov D, Lalabonova Нr, Janevska S. Dental anxiety in adults in Bulgaria. Folia Medica(Plovdiv), 2010 Apr-Jun;52(2):49-56. [PubMed]
10. Locker D, Thomson WM, Poulton R. Onset of and patterns of change in dental anxiety in adolescence and early adulthood: a birth cohort study. Community Dent Health 2001 Jun;18(2):99-104. [PubMed]
11. Locker D, Liddell A, Burman D. Dental fear and anxiety in an older adult population. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1991 Apr;19(2):120-4. [PubMed]
12.  Rao A, Sequeire PS, Peter S. Characteristics of dental fear amongst dental and medical students. Indian J Dent Res. 1997 Oct-Dec;8(4):111-4. [PubMed]
13. Skaret E, Kvale G, Raadal M. General self-efficacy, dental anxiety and multiple fears among 20-year-olds in Norway. Scand J Psychol 2003 Sep;44(4):331-7. [DOI: 10.1111/1467-9450.00352 CrossRef] [PubMed]
14. Shaikh MA, Kamal A. Over dental anxiety problems among university students: perspective from Pakistan. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2011 Apr;21(4):237-8.  [PubMed]
15. Peretz B, Mann J. Dental anxiety among Israel dental students: a 4-year longitudinal study. Eur J Dent Educ. 2000 Aug;4(3):133-7. [DOI: 10.1034/j.1600-0579.2000.040308.x CrossRef]  [PubMed]

- Download FULL TEXT (PDF 195 KB)

Please cite this article as: Kirova DG. DENTAL ANXIETY AMONG DENTAL STUDENTS. J of IMAB 2011; 17(2):137-139. doi:10.5272/jimab.2011172.137

back to current issue >