Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers)
Publisher: Peytchinski, Gospodin Iliev
ISSN: 1312 773X (Online)
Issue: 2011, vol. 17, book 1
Subject Collection: Medicine
Online date: December 29, 2011
J of IMAB 2011; 17(1):178-182
EXAMINATION OF EXECUTIVE DYSFUNCTIONS IN STROKE SURVIVORS VIA 64 – WISCONSIN CARD SORTING TEST
Mirena Valkova, Boyko Stamenov, Dora Peychinska
Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Medical University – Pleven, Bulgaria
Objective: The objective of our study was to examine executive dysfunctions in stroke survivors (three months after stroke) via Wisconsin Card Scoring Test (WCST) and to assess the influence of stroke severity and lesion location.
Contingent and methods: We examined 20 stroke survivors with the following neuropsychological battery: MMSE, 21 – Hamilton test and WCST.
Results: We found executive dysfunctions in 90% of our patients. Stroke severity measured by NIHSS influenced MMSE scoring and some of the WCST results (percent conceptual level, trials to complete first category, failure to maintain set and learning abilities). Patients with left hemispheric lesions had statistically significant higher level of total errors than patients with right hemispheric and brainstem lesions.
Conclusion: Sub-acute stroke stage is strongly associated with executive dysfunctions
Key words: WCST, executive dysfunctions, stroke.
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Please cite this article as: Valkova M, Stamenov B, Peychinska D. Examination of executive dysfunctions in stroke survivors via 64 - Wisconsin card sorting test. J of IMAB. 2011 17(1):178-182. doi:10.5272/jimab.2011171.178
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